Academic journal article Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness

Childhood Cancer Research Reveals New Findings on Retinoblastoma

Academic journal article Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness

Childhood Cancer Research Reveals New Findings on Retinoblastoma

Article excerpt

Scientists recently released the world's largest collection of genetic data on childhood cancers. The U.S. Pediatric Cancer Genome Project has mapped the entire genome of 260 young cancer patients. By finding differences between each child's benign and cancerous cells, scientists have pinpointed the causes of some of the most deadly cancers that affect children, and hope the findings will lead to the discoveries of new treatments. The project came about through a collaboration initiated in 2010 by St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, Tennessee, and the Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, Missouri, with help from private investors. Led by James R. Downing, deputy director and scientific director, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, and Richard K. Wilson, director, Genome Institute, Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, the extensive research initiative has already revealed a new treatment for retinoblastoma, as well as significant insights into aggressive childhood cancers of the brainstem and blood. …

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