Academic journal article The Journal of Southern History

Captured at Kings Mountain: The Journal of Uzal Johnson, a Loyalist Surgeon

Academic journal article The Journal of Southern History

Captured at Kings Mountain: The Journal of Uzal Johnson, a Loyalist Surgeon

Article excerpt

Captured at Kings Mountain: The Journal of Uzal Johnson, a Loyalist Surgeon. Edited by Wade S. Kolb III and Robert M. Weir. (Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, c. 2011. Pp. [Ix], 182. $39.95, ISBN 978-1-57003-961-4.)

Uzal Johnson of New Jersey was a Loyalist surgeon during the American Revolution. He began his career in 1776 as a military surgeon in the Second Regiment of Whig troops but changed sides after the Declaration of Independence. He later became a surgeon for the Loyalist American Volunteers commanded by Major Patrick Ferguson and was a participant in the Carolina campaign of 1780-1781. On Sunday, March 5, 1780, Johnson began keeping a diary entitled "Memorandum of Occunces [sic] during the Campaigne [of] 1780," with daily entries that continued until March 7, 1781. During that time Johnson marched with the American Volunteers from Savannah to Charles Town, then to Ninety Six, South Carolina, and Gilbert Town, North Carolina. In October he was captured at the battle of Kings Mountain, where Ferguson was killed. As a prisoner Johnson was marched to Hillsborough, North Carolina, and eventually paroled to Charles Town. After the war Johnson returned to New Jersey.

Johnson's diary has been previously published and annotated (as Uzal Johnson, Loyalist Surgeon: A Revolutionary War Diary, edited by Bobby Gilmer Moss [Blacksburg, S.C., 2000]); however, this new edition attempts to put the places and people Johnson mentioned in greater historical context. It also thoroughly compares Johnson's diary with another, by Lieutenant Anthony Allaire, who was also attached to Ferguson's corps. …

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