Academic journal article Journal of Pan African Studies

The Rainbow Nation: Conscience and Self Adjudication for Social Justice, Governance and Development in the New South Africa

Academic journal article Journal of Pan African Studies

The Rainbow Nation: Conscience and Self Adjudication for Social Justice, Governance and Development in the New South Africa

Article excerpt

The colonialists branded Africa as the Dark Continent. When they brought the sun with them to shine on the continent and the darkness was dispersed, they deliberately instituted systems of rule that propagated the dehumanization of Africans in any part of the continent that they settled; plunging Africa into further abyss of darkness, even darker than what they first came to find. The South African experience was outstanding in this plunging perspective. The philosophy of racial segregation endorsed officially by the minority Apartheid government was enforced with brutality unequal to the Hitler genocide. Through this deliberate act of dehumanization the Apartheid system created and nurtured social injustice, education inequality and socio-political segregation. The Apartheid system indoctrinated its kit and kin to falsely believe in white supremacy over other ethnic groups. The fight to end this obnoxious, unsustainable and despicable philosophy led to protracted attacks and alienation among ethnic South Africans. From 1990 to 1993 South Africa ushered in a new philosophical and political ideology of reconciliation which climaxed in 1994. Thus, this political change requires new education to humanize all South Africans. How the new education can humanize South Africans is the core purpose of this analytical paper. The author believes that all South Africans should receive a new education through institutions of learning, especially tertiary. Therefore, higher education institutions need to take a leading role and develop courses to educate, provide guiding initiatives for open consciousness and thus, change mindsets. It is when this is done that there can be self-adjudication, social justice and human rights for the economic, educational, industrial and other developments to provide for a safe life for all.

Key Concepts: Adjudication, self-adjudication, alienation, conscience, consciousness, contemporary, conscientice, dehumanize, dehumanization, development, domesticated, humanized, indoctrination, institutionalization, mindset, new education, re-education, refinement, retributive attitudes, retributive emotions, moral judgment, wretchedness.

Introduction

South Africa has a problem which is not yet resolved after fifteen years of democracy. This problem is not a problem of sharing of values of either material, spiritual or cultural. It is rather a group of selfish settlers (whites) seeking to have and retain all irrespective of who is left with nothing (Motlhabi, 1987). South Africa, unlike any other country on the planet earth has had a peculiar history of racial segregation officially endorsed and enforced by the state for over half a century (Berki, 1977). This deliberate act of dehumanisation of one racial group by another has been the most inhuman act to be instituted against human beings. Apartheid can best be defined as the deliberate upliftment of the consciousness of the white South African against the deliberate down-trodding of the black South African. This act of dehumanization created and nurtured a problem in which the whole world, overtly and covertly was called upon to intervene to bring it to an end (Motlhabi, 1987; Mathonsi, 1988; Joyce, 1990; Moyana, 1989). Hence, the official institutionalisation of the apartheid policy led its adherents to psychologically indoctrinate their kit and kin to falsely believe that whites are super-human beings while blacks are sub-human (Marks & Trapido, 1987). The fight to end this obnoxious philosophy led to protracted hatred, attacks on innocent people and neighbouring countries by the apartheid fundamentalists which generated hatred among racial groups in South Africa and culminated inthe setting up of the "homelands" and the development of townships with no life supporting activities. All of this contributed to the nursing and nurturing of crime hardened individuals bent on revenge at the slightest provocation. In fact, apartheid led to the development of retributive-reactive attitudes among all population groups. …

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