It is very difficult to obtain detailed spatial information on public lands in government possession. Challenges are faced while collecting land information on properties that are placed in public domain. Such challenges include slow response rate to data request from government officials. The desired land information is not readily available in required format and can only be provided after several request and visit to the agencies in charge.
Records of detailed information on government land acquisitions, secure legal titles to land, verification of inventory of land allocation, the actual development on land and uses of land are not readily made available. Due care are not always taken in keeping these vital records. These records have not been archived. On the part of land information users, statistics on land from government land inventory are often pieced together with deliberate search and collation. Akure Land registry is substantially analogue in operation and the archival infrastructures are not modern. There exist records of land registration and interest on these parcels of land, as well as, the biodata of allotees but such information are documented in separate books in uncoordinated manner. (Arnot and Meadows, 2006). Greater proportions of land are still operating in informal sector and are not brought within land registry records.
There are dearth of infrastructure such as digital cadastral databases (DCDBS), spatial data infrastructure (SDIS), geographic information system (GIS), and web mapping services to facilitate title document production in the land registry. The poor state of maintenance of archival data in Akure Land Registry creates uncertainty in guaranteeing security of land record. The records in this registry are still capable of being damaged by fire, water and insect attack. (Arnot and Meadows, 2006). Akure land registry has not commenced a modernization of working process and computerization of her land records. There is functions overlap between related government agencies on how to administer certain information on land. The official bureaucracy problem is also real. Officials still hide under the cover of official secrecy to delay release of information on land. (Bisiriyu, 2008). Customer service standards are rarely established in most of the land registries in Nigeria and where they exist, they are not enforced. Customers still encounter delay in the processing of transfer of properties. The cost of doing business with the land registry is still very high. It exceeds 5% of the property value and there are varieties of extraneous fees especially the consent fee and fees charged by intermediaries.(World Bank Group, 2011). According to the survey conducted by World Bank on doing business in Nigeria in 2011, it is noted that on average it takes 82days to register a property in Nigeria.
2. MOTIVATION FOR THE STUDY
An average Nigerian is beginning to realize the investment potentials of its landed property. Most often the vast majority of the properties are still operating in informal sectors. Over the years, due to more enlightenment campaign and government incentives, property owners are now more aware of the need to make use of their asset in form of collateral to secure access to credits for further economic activity. Therefore, there is need to facilitate security for their property titles and rights on land. The need for modern land information system entails effective land records keeping on registrations and transfer processes in a transparent manner to ensure effective land market development.
3. THE STUDY AREA
Akure is a traditional Nigerian city and like other traditional Yoruba towns in the country, it exists before the advent of the British Colonial rule in the country. Akure, the capital city of Ondo state is located in South Western part of Nigeria. It lies approximately on latitude 70171 North of the Equator and longitudes 50141 East of Greenwich Merdian. …