Academic journal article Nomadic Peoples

Abbreviations and Chinese Terms

Academic journal article Nomadic Peoples

Abbreviations and Chinese Terms

Article excerpt

ABBREVIATIONS AND CHINESE TERMS  AU                 African Union CASS               Chinese Academy of Social Sciences CNP                Commission on Nomadic Peoples CPR                Common Pool Resources ER                 Ecological Resettlement FF                 Ford Foundation HORS               Household-Contracted Responsibility System HPRS               Household Production Responsibility System IGC                International Grassland Congress IMAR               Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region IRC                International Rangeland Congress IUAES              International Union of Anthropological and                      Ethnological Sciences IUCN               International Union for Conservation of Nature LGDCRS             Livestock and Grassland Double-Contract                      Responsibility System NP                 Nomadic Peoples RCC                Rural Credit Cooperative SSU                Standard Sheep Unit TAP                Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture TAR                Tibet Autonomous Region  Cun                Village Gacha              Pastoral village in IMAR Hukou              A population registration system in China, for                    differentiating rural and urban citizens. An urban                    Hukou generally gives one more rights to social                      welfare and services. Lingsan Banqian    Individual resettlement, an individual migration                    within the same county Mu                 Unit of area, 1 ha = 15 mu Otor               Mongolian herders' mobility system in IMAR Sanjiangyuan       A source area of the three rivers (the Yangtze,                    the Yellow and the Mekong) Shang              In most parts of north-eastern China, a shang                      equalled 10 mu Shengtai jianshe   Ecological construction Shengtai yimin     Ecological resettlement SiPeiTao           'Four Infrastructure Activities Project'--                    constructions of permanent houses, animal sheds                    on the winter pasture, fencing, and grass planting Sumu               Pastoral township in IMAR  Tuigeng huanlin    Returning non-productive cultivated farmlands                      to forests Tuimu huancao      Returning grazing to restore the grasslands Waka               A loose organization for Tibetan herders in                    Sichuan which means 'a few tents together' Xiang              Rural township Xibu da kaifa      West Development Strategy Xincun             New village Yijiang Lianghe    One River (Yarlung Tsangpo River), Two Streams                    (Lhasa River and Nianchu River); 'One River and                    Two Streams' area of TAR, including 18 counties,                    which is the birthplace of Tibetan culture and                      the centre of Tibet Zhengti Banqian    Village group resettlement, a group migration                    between prefectures/counties 

doi:10. …

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