Academic journal article Indian Journal of Psychiatry

Ayurvedic Concepts Related to Psychotherapy

Academic journal article Indian Journal of Psychiatry

Ayurvedic Concepts Related to Psychotherapy

Article excerpt

Byline: Prakash. Behere, Anweshak. Das, Richa. Yadav, Aniruddh. Behere

The perfect balance of mind, body and soul is considered as complete health in Ayurveda. Ayurveda has its own identity as most ancient and traditional System of Medicine in India. Even Ayurveda emphasizes its treatment modalities into three parts viz. Satwawajay Chikitsa, Yuktivyapashray and Daivyapashray Chikitsa. Sattvavajaya therapy mentioned in Charakasamhita and it used as new concept of psychotherapy in Ayurveda. The effectiveness of "traditional mental health promoting practices" was identified as health regimens (swasthvrtt), correct behavior (sadvrtt), and yoga. Sattvavajaya as psychotherapy, is the mental restraint, or a "mind control" as referred by Caraka, is achieved through "spiritual knowledge, philosophy, fortitude, remembrance and concentration. Ayurvedic psychotherapy would play a dual role: First, as a revival of authentic medical culture, the exercise of a practice with an assumed primordial dimension, and second as a discovery of authentic subjectivity, the revelation of a self with an assumed interior depth. When we integrate the contemporary art of psychotherapy with the ancient science of Ayurveda, it becomes a powerful combination that is called Psycho Veda. The integration of Psycho and Veda is motivated by the complete integration of the immense but fairly contemporary view of the mind, emotions and psyche and how this performs in our lives. Integrating Psychotherapy and Vedic principles teaches us how to rediscover critical knowledge and awareness of the natural forces and rhythms that compliment and strengthen our human experience, through the understanding of the psyche and what our inner experiences are and also involving practical daily activities with thorough attention to our total environment to bring about radical changes in our mental outlook and in physical health.

Introduction

Ayurveda has its own identity as most ancient and Traditional System of Medicine in India. It deals with the whole life of human being starting from birth to end of life because Ayurveda describe the art of living and it is a science of life that reveals what is appropriate as well as auspicious for a happy and long life. The term Ayurveda is formed by the combination of two words- " Ayu " meaning life, and " Veda " meaning knowledge. Ayurveda is regarded as " The Science of Life" and the practice involve the care of physical, mental and spiritual health of human being. Life according to Ayurveda is a combination of senses, mind, body and soul. Ayurveda is not only limited to body or physical symptoms but also give comprehensive knowledge about spiritual, mental and social health. Thus, Ayurveda is a qualitative, holistic science of health and longevity, a philosophy and system of healing the whole person, body and mind. [sup][1]

The perfect balance of mind, body and soul is considered as complete health in Ayurveda. The concept of mind in ancient India had been since pre-vedic period. Mind has been conceived to be functional element of ATMAN (soul) which described in Vedas - earliest written script of human race. It has been mentioned in Vedas that thoughts determine the facial appearance, thoughts influence facial expression. Even Ayurveda emphasizes its treatment modalities into three parts viz. Satwawajay Chikitsa, Yuktivyapashray and Daivyapashray Chikitsa. Sattvavajaya therapy mentioned in Charakasamhita and it used as new concept of psychotherapy in Ayurveda. Whereas Yuktivyapashraya is rational therapy and Daivyapashray is faith therapy. [sup][1]

Psychotherapy

In modern, mental-health, psychotherapy is defined as the treatment by psychological means, of problems of an emotional nature in which a trained person deliberately establishes a professional relationship with the patient with the object of (1) removing and modifying or retarding existing symptoms (2) of mediating disturbed pattern of behavior (3) of promoting positive personality growth and development. …

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