Academic journal article The Science Teacher

New Species of Venomous Primate at Risk

Academic journal article The Science Teacher

New Species of Venomous Primate at Risk

Article excerpt

A venomous primate with two tongues would seem safe from the pet trade, but its big-eyed, teddy-bear face has made the slow loris (Nycticebus kayan) a target for illegal pet poachers throughout the animal's range in southeastern Asia and nearby islands. A University of Missouri doctoral student and her colleagues recently identified three new species of slow loris. The primates had originally been grouped with another species. Dividing the species into four distinct classes means the risk of extinction is greater than previously believed for the animals but could help efforts to protect the unusual primate.

"Four separate species are harder to protect than one, since each species needs to maintain its population numbers and have sufficient forest habitat," said lead author Rachel Munds, MU doctoral student in anthropology. "Unfortunately, beside habitat loss to deforestation, there is a booming black market demand for the animals. They are sold as pets, used as props for tourist photos, or dismembered for use in traditional Asian medicines."

According to Munds, slow lorises are not domesticated and are protected under the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species. She contends that keeping the animals as pets is cruel and that domesticating them is not feasible.

"Even zoos have difficulty meeting their nutritional needs for certain insects, tree gums, and nectars," said Munds. …

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