Academic journal article Issues in Informing Science & Information Technology

Building a Regional Structure of an Information Society on the Basis of E-Administration

Academic journal article Issues in Informing Science & Information Technology

Building a Regional Structure of an Information Society on the Basis of E-Administration

Article excerpt

Introduction

The development of a contemporary society is determined by many factors. Among the most important, above all, are factors of:

* political (Fox, 2006);

* economic (Hamel & Breen 2007; Fox, 2006; Tapscot & Willimas, 2006, Newell, Robertson, Scarbrough & Swan, 2009; Kassicieh, 2010; Hanna, 2010a; Ichimura, 2003);

* social, and demographic (Tapscot, 2009; Araya & Peters, 2010; Olszak & Ziemba, 2010); and

* technological nature ("A New Economy", 2000; Tapscot & Willimas, 2006; King, 2007; Hoving, 2007; Newell et al., 2009, Hanna, 2010a).

Undoubtedly, technological factors, especially rapid development of information and communication technology (ICT), including the Internet, contributed to radical changes in the functioning of society and economy (Olszak & Ziemba, 2008; 2010, 2011a, 2011b; Goluchowski & Ziemba, 2003; Rivard, Aubert & Patery, 2004; Roztocki & Weistroffer, 2008, 2009a, 2009b; Tapscot & Willimas, 2006; Hanna, 2009). Mainly, thanks to ICT, the undeniable role of knowledge in the development of a society, a state, an economy and various organizations was recognized. Information and knowledge began to be treated as strategic economic resources, factors determining competitiveness. Naturally, such changes in the way of thinking and action taking, imply the need to redefine many existing economic, social, financial and market rules.

The creation of information society (IS), where information lays the basis for creating wealth and power, and becomes a source of creating national income, competitive advantage and social interactions, has become a priority issue for many countries and regions. They have noticed new development possibilities as well as an opportunity to become attractive partners on the global and competitive market. Many countries have incorporated the idea of building the information society into their strategic planning. This also applies to Central and Eastern European countries which, in this respect, have a lot to do to compensate for the lost time. This is even reflected in the indicators compiled by the World Bank, such as: Knowledge Economy Index and Knowledge Index. These indicators characterize innovation, education and human resources, ICT and economic factors (Economic Incentive Regime) of individual countries ("Knowledge for", 2009).

Poland also saw a great opportunity for itself in a transformation of society into the information society. The opportunity to accelerate economic development and to become a more competitive partner in the international arena. Poland, as one of the countries of Central and Eastern Europe since World War II until the late 80s of twentieth century, functioned within a political doctrine, which prevented the development of competitiveness and free markets. The country had also restricted access to the latest technologies, including the information technology. Political and economic changes, and taking place a technological revolution (the Internet) have opened an unprecedented opportunity to accelerate economic development and transformation of Polish society into the information society.

The World Bank analysis shows that Poland has a great potential to become the information society. Nevertheless, in order to achieve this, it is necessary to undertake many more activities and do much work in this area ("Knowledge for", 2009). Due to this fact, both at the national and regional levels, various initiatives related to the information society have been undertaken recently. A great deal of attention was paid to the creation of a regional structure of the information society. As it is believed, that the regions should inspire wide-ranging undertakings referring to building of the information society (Kassicieh, 2010). The example of Silicon Valley can be used as a good illustration confirming the thesis that developing the information society is a highly regional phenomenon. …

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