Academic journal article Military Review

Victory for Hire: Private Security Companies' Impact on Military Effectiveness

Academic journal article Military Review

Victory for Hire: Private Security Companies' Impact on Military Effectiveness

Article excerpt

VICTORY FOR HIRE: Private Security Companies' Impact on Military Effectiveness

Molly Dunigan, Stanford Security Studies, Stanford University Press, Stanford, CA, 2011, 235 pages, $24.95

THE UNITED STATES used more private security contractors in Afghanistan and Iraq than deployed military. Kellogg, Brown, and Root (KBR) sold logistical services to the United States in Kosovo, Iraq, Afghanistan, and Guantanamo Bay, and Blackwater sold diplomatic security services in Iraq. Victory for Hire looks at how private security contractors affect military effectiveness.

The use of private security contractors as "force extenders" has grown recently, as have the scandals in which the contractors became involved. DynCorp employees were involved in Bosnian child prostitution, the murder of an Iraqi taxi driver, and wasted millions of dollars in Iraq. Over 380 KBR employees were wounded and about 80 were killed in Iraq, Kuwait, and Afghanistan. KBR's president went to jail for bribing Nigerians, and KBR paid $570 million in fines and settlements in related cases. Blackwater staff murdered Iraqis, and senior board members illegally possessed automatic weapons in the United States. Citizens and politicians question the legality, value, and morality of using contractors instead of military members in war zones. …

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