Academic journal article Military Review

The Twilight War: The Secret History of America's Thirty-Year Conflict with Iran

Academic journal article Military Review

The Twilight War: The Secret History of America's Thirty-Year Conflict with Iran

Article excerpt

THE TWILIGHT WAR

The Secret History of America's

Thirty-Year Conflict with Iran

David Crist, The Penguin Press,

New York, 2012, 623 pages, $36.00

THE TWILIGHT WAR is a detailed history of the relationship between the United States and Iran from the time of the overthrow of the Shah in 1979 through the spring of 2012. In the 1980s, the CIA built a network of spies to help subvert the Iranian regime to prevent them from becoming a Soviet client. What the United States and the CIA failed to realize was that the Soviet Union was not the greatest threat to the region. Iran and its tacit support to the Shi'a in Lebanon had become the greatest threat to stability. It took the United States many years to realize this and refocus its clandestine operations from preventing Soviet influence on Iran to preventing Iranian influence throughout the region.

Author David Crist, who served in the Persian Gulf during Operation Iraqi Freedom, details the complex relationships between Israel, Lebanon, Syria, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, and Kuwait. The United States was never able to develop a holistic long-term engagement strategy for the Middle East because of the constantly changing dynamics in the region. …

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