Academic journal article Reading Improvement

The Analysis of the Level of Students' Perception of the Messages in Fictive Texts in Fictional Context

Academic journal article Reading Improvement

The Analysis of the Level of Students' Perception of the Messages in Fictive Texts in Fictional Context

Article excerpt

The aim of this study is to investigate the perception levels of the messages of didactic fiction texts in fictive context and the student's perception levels of these messages. 80 students attending the grades of 4th, 5th, 6th and 7th 20 from each grade, are randomly selected as participants. Under the supervision of specialists, six fictive texts all including messages in their last paragraph were determined and delivered to all participants. They were also given 20 minutes to read and make sense of the all six texts and jot down the meanings they attribute to the texts. In order to see if the messages perceived by the students overlap with those included in the texts, the answers of students were evaluated by five specialists in terms of creative writing. The similarities and differences between the messages perceived by the students and the original messages were determined by considering the average points given by five evaluators. It was observed that 4th and 5th grade students are not able to perceive the messages in fictive texts. 6th and 7th grade students, on the other hand, are able to perceive the messages in fictive texts and this contributes to their creative writing skills.

Keywords: Fictive context, Fiction Text, Message, Perception, Creative Writing Skills

Introduction

Mother language acquisition is defined as the process of one's getting acquaintance of the socio-cultural life and realizing oneself within this environment (Saussure, 1998). In this respect, an individual does not only learn about the grammatical structure of the language (Sinan, 2006) but also obtains the culture and the artistic aspect of the language during the mother tongue acquisition (Gelebi, 2006; Sever, 1998). Some sociological changes, the public opinion and national values are included in the words which are the building blocks of language (Kaplan, 1985). In this respect, the public opinion and identity in a society appear through the language acquisition. The words are representatives of this property of the language and the texts are the contexts where these words are presented. These texts include the general values of a society and in this way they mirror the social culture (Tural, 1991). Besides mirroring socio cultural aspects of the general public, texts form the structure of a language (Chomsky, 2002). The texts used in education, especially those used in the mother tongue acquisition have a different special role (Diliduzgun, 2003; Sever, 2000). The texts help an individual to comprehend what s/he reads and to express what s/he has in his/her mind. In this respect, different properties texts are come to fore. Studies have shown that the properties of a text have effects on its comprehension by the reader (Vaughn and Edmonds, 2006; Johnson, 2002). Moreover, it has been observed that there are differences between fictive and non-fictive texts in terms of comprehension in that fictive texts are more comprehensible compared to non-fictive texts (Karatay, 2007). In fictive context the reader adds his/her imagination into the plot of the fictive text. Compared to the non-fictive texts, the reader of fictive texts constructs his/her own imagination and to able to focus on the text which s/he reads more carefully in terms of comprehension. Especially, this is more important for the readers who are younger than eleven. Children construct their own fictive contexts via fiction texts and a new imagination through what they read (Dunn and Finley, 2010). Through their own imagination and thinking children are able to reconstruct the main message or the idea which is supposed to be conveyed in the text. Every reader grasps a unique message or meaning from the fiction texts, which are most likely to be different from the main idea aimed by the author in the original work. In some fiction texts, the aimed message is summarized at the end of the text. How this summary part changes from person to person in terms of comprehension has been under discussion. …

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