Academic journal article Journal of Digital Information Management

University Teachers' Performance Appraisals Model Based on DEA and AHP

Academic journal article Journal of Digital Information Management

University Teachers' Performance Appraisals Model Based on DEA and AHP

Article excerpt

1. Introduction

Since the late 1990s, market economic structure in our country has gradually established and perfected, and the management of university and other education institutions have also became scientific and normative. The core content of the university personnel reform is employing and distribution reform. It is deepened, explored and advanced step by step. Therefore, a scientific, fair, objective and accurate performance appraisals model is urgently needed as the premise and basis of the personnel system reform.

In 1986, Committee Of Vice Chancellors And Principals and the University Grants Commission (CVCP/UGC) divided the performance appraisals index into three classes: first are input indexes, these indexes mainly reflect the available resources, manpower and funds; second are process indexes, these indexes mainly reflect the utilization rate of resources, management and organization behavior in the course of running; third are output indexes, mainly reflect the educational effectiveness and output [1]. In December 1998, the British government put forward the performance and salary (Performance Related Pay) teacher evaluation system [2].The scholars in our country widely did research on universities and teachers' performance appraisals since the late 1990s [3]. Jia et al emphasized that the research first ought to make scientific, systematic evaluation index model. Second, different evaluation content and index system should be developed based on the function of work respectively. Third, the research should further improve the appraisal methods, extend the scope, strengthen the three-dimensional evaluation and carry out the dynamic assessment through the truth. Finally, the research should enhance transparency in the work and fully implement people's right to know, to participate, to choose and to supervise [4]. Liao discussed the performance appraisals procedures, the standard, the content, the method and the use of the results. Besides, he analyzed the relationship between performance appraisals and appointment [5]. Fang put forward the overall train of thought to strengthen quantitative assessment on the basis of qualitative assessment and to combine with the annual assessment on the basis of regular assessment [6].

Chinese university teachers' performance appraisals model is in an exploration stage, it only pays attention to process and ignores the results as same as pay attention to the quantity and ignores the quality. Besides, it lakes a clear purpose so that it couldn't play expected incentive effect. On the other hand, evaluation indexes should be formulated combining with the domestic universities features. However, some universities index system are too simple and it can't fully investigate teachers' comprehensive performance; some are too complex, too harsh, and they make teachers only pay attention to complete the task and can't take innovation and upgrade aspects in account. This resulted in the lack of comprehensive and maneuverability.

The university teachers' research performance appraisals system decides the development of university scientific research ability. Constructing a set of scientific, reasonable and comprehensive model of university teachers' performance appraisals model is the premise and foundation to evaluate it. How to correctly assess and evaluate university teachers' academic performance is very important, it has directly practical significance to our country's development of colleges and universities and promotion to scientific research. It is not only the methods to understand the academic quality, but also the guarantee to improve the academic quality. This paper aims to analyze the situation and characteristics of university teachers' performance appraisals, discuss the index system and scientific method of university teachers' performance appraisals domestic and abroad, develop and optimize foreign university teachers' performance appraisals model and eventually construct a system suitable for Chinese national conditions based on AHP. …

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