Academic journal article The Review of Metaphysics

Philosophy and Phenomenological Research: Vol. 86, No.3, May 2013

Academic journal article The Review of Metaphysics

Philosophy and Phenomenological Research: Vol. 86, No.3, May 2013

Article excerpt

Experimental Attacks on Intuitions and Answers, JOHN BENGSON

Dogmatism, Underminers and Skepticism, MATTHEW MCGRATH

Validity for Strong Pluralists, AARON J. COTNOIR

Moral Uncertainty and the Principle of Equity among Moral Theories, ANDREW SEPIELLI

Stressing the Flesh: In Defense of Strong Embodied Cognition, LIAM P. DEMPSEY, ITAY SHANI

In a recent paper, Andy Clark has argued that the literature on embodied cognition reveals a tension between two prominent strands within this movement. On the one hand, there are those who endorse what Clark refers to as body-centrism, a view which emphasizes the special contribution made by the body to a creature's mental life. Among other things, body centrism implies that significant differences in embodiment translate into significant differences in cognition and consciousness. On the other hand, there are those who endorse what Clark calls extended functionalism, a view which sees the mind as the joint product of the computational resources presented by (1) intracranial processing, (2) bodily input, and (3) environmental scaffolding. As such, extended functionalism allows for the possibility that any contribution of the body to cognition and consciousness can be compensated for by the other two contributing factors. …

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