Academic journal article Reference & User Services Quarterly

Encyclopedia of Transnational Crime and Justice

Academic journal article Reference & User Services Quarterly

Encyclopedia of Transnational Crime and Justice

Article excerpt

Encyclopedia of Transnational Crime and Justice. Ed. by Margaret E. Beare. Los Angeles: Sage Reference, 2012. 510 p. $115 (ISBN: 9781412990776).

In the introduction to this single-volume reference work, editor Margaret E. Beare (York University, Toronto) quotes the 2010 report of the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, The Globalization of Crime, which states, "Organized crime has diversified, gone global and reached macro-economic proportions" (xix). While acknowledging that not all "transnational crime" is technically "organized crime," this quote does get at the essence of what this book aims to cover, that is, crimes that involve "border crossings as an integral part of the criminal activity," or "crimes that take place in one country with consequences that significantly affect other countries" (xix).

The 183 headwords are listed first alphabetically and then again in a thematic reader's guide where they are grouped together under broad headings such as "Crimes and Criminal Markets," "Geography of Transnational Crimes," "Policing and Intelligence Organizations," and "Terrorism." This is followed by a chronology highlighting pertinent events spanning from the 1856 Declaration of Paris to the viral Internet short film, Kony 2012.

Most entries are quite substantial, spanning several pages, and many are broken down into sub-sections. For example, the four-page entry "Cocaine" is divided into "History, Uses, and Effects," "Size and Scope of the International Cocaine Trade," "Policing the International Cocaine Trade," and "Human Rights Issues in Policing the International Cocaine Trade. …

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