Academic journal article Journal of Digital Information Management

The Statistical Analysis of Family Names of Donators for WenChuan

Academic journal article Journal of Digital Information Management

The Statistical Analysis of Family Names of Donators for WenChuan

Article excerpt

1. Introduction

General, last name, passed down from his father, so you can put it as a biological marker for population genetics research, surname, as research for the specific model of the Y chromosome has a long history [1-3]. Surname as a special kind of cultural symbol, it is not only used for groups or individual identification of the members of society, and carries a national language features, the history, geography, culture, religion, status and class division in its internal information. Chinese surname for at least 4,000 years of history, its evolution with the evolutionary history of the Chinese nation is synchronized surname distribution and dynamics of the process has a very important significance. Statistical analysis as an important method for human studies of complex systems has been widely used in the study of names. The statistical properties of the surname may reflect some of the structure of human populations [1], provides the necessary basis for further discussion about the mechanism of the evolution of this complex system.

There are a lot of empirical work demonstrating the surname distribution law of some countries or regions, and even the dynamic behavior of the differences between the regions. S. Miyazima et al studied Japan's five different regional communities, they found that these areas surname distribution has the characteristic: With the changes in the population, the total number of names have also changed, and they have a power-law relationship; Surname distributed as a power-law distribution, have more individual surname species; 3 from the population, the surname ranking corresponding number of Zipf law, in approximately a negative slope of the straight line in the double logarithmic coordinates [4]. DH Zanette and others to discuss the actual data of the nation's cities and Berlin, and found that the size of the surname (which includes the number of individuals) is power-law distribution, and both have a similar index [5]. WJ Reed mentioned in his article, Taiwanese distribution of surnames in line with the 1.9 power-law distribution of index [6]. BJ Kim and SM Park, a Korean surname has a power-law distribution characteristics, and the index is approximately 1 [7]. C. Scapoli et al detailed examination of the 2094 cities in 125 regions of the eight countries in Western Europe, found although each city is different, but the overall surname distribution for the power-law distribution [8].

Some Chinese surnames object statistics, Yuan Yida, a major work in this regard [3, 9-11]. They found that there are two kinds of state, Chinese surname common surnames and uncommon surnames. Only accounted for less than 5% of the total surnames amount of 100 common surnames concentration of more than 85% of the population, while more than 95% of the amount of the total surnames uncommon surname representatives of less than 15% of the population. Some of the work is given to the Song, Ming and the surname distribution curve, but not the power-law distribution, but fitting as follows [9,10]:

S = 0.185 ln [(r + 1)/r]

Yuan Yida also pointed out that the distribution of surnames exist stability will be no major changes in long-term [11]. Chinese Academy of Sciences, was released in January 2006, chaired by Yuan Yida Chinese surnames Statistics "project findings, the range of data, including China's 31 municipalities, provincial capitals, the sample of the total population of 202 million people, were found in 4100 surname. Ranked the top three Li, Wang, Zhang, accounted for 7.4%, 7.2% and 6.8% of the total population in China. Tube Limin Ningxia region as a whole Han, Hui and other ethnic groups as well as the entire region are listed in the top 100 surnames based on a sample survey of 1% of the country in 2005, [12]. The article also details the Yinchuan, Wuzhong City, Guyuan City and Zhongwei City "Family Names".

These works are based on statistical sampling method, randomly selected from a population of sufficient sample to infer the nature of the overall, by discussing the nature of the sample. …

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