Academic journal article Information Technology and Libraries

Detection of Information Requirements of Researchers Using Bibliometric Analyses to Identify Target Journals

Academic journal article Information Technology and Libraries

Detection of Information Requirements of Researchers Using Bibliometric Analyses to Identify Target Journals

Article excerpt

ABSTRACT

Bibliometric analyses were used to identify journals that are representative of the authors' research institutes. Methods to semiautomatically collect data for an institute's publications and which journals they cite are described. Citation analyses of lists of articles and their citations can help librarians to quickly identify the preferred journals in terms of the number of publications, and the most frequently cited journals. Librarians can use these data to generate a list of journals that an institute should subscribe to.

BACKGROUND

Recent developments in information technology have had a significant impact on the research activities of scientific libraries. Such tools have provided new insights into the workload and duties of librarians in research libraries. In the present study, we performed bibliometric analyses to determine the information needs of researchers, and to determine whether they are satisfied with the journal subscriptions available at their institutes. Such analyses are important because of limited funding for subscriptions, increases in the cost of electronic resources, and the publication of new journals, especially open-access journals.

Bibliometric analyses are more accessible and less labor-intensive when using specially designed web services and software. Several databases of citation data are accessible online. The leading publishers of these databases, including Thomson Reuters and Elsevier, promote their products such as the Web of Science (WAS) and Scopus with travelling and online seminars to increase the number of skilled users. Of note, the number of articles devoted to bibliometric analysis has increased about 4-fold since 2000 (see Figure 1).

Bibliometric analysis appears to be the most objective method for use by librarians. It is important to note that bibliometric analysis shows high objectivity, even when compared with peer review. (1)

Citation analysis can be used to select target journals because it accurately reflects the needs of researchers and can reveal current scientific trends. It also allows librarians to evaluate the effectiveness of each journal, the significance of each journal to the institute, and the minimum archival depth. (2) Citation analysis is particularly useful when generating a list of journals for subscription and to determine whether to subscribe to specific journals. (3)

In the present study, we performed citation analyses of scientific papers that were published by researchers at SRC VB "Vector" (biology and medicine) and IPGG SB RAS (geosciences). We analyzed groups of journals that published articles from these two institutes and compared the characteristics of the cited and citing journals.

Many journals publish articles covering the fields associated with the two institutes (biology and medicine, and geosciences), and journals in these fields tend to have the highest impact factors of all fields. Therefore, the methods applied in this study and the results may be generalized to other research libraries.

STUDY DESIGN

Sources. We analyzed articles published in journals or books by researchers at SRC VB "Vector" and IPGG, together with the references cited in these articles. We limited the articles to those published in 2006-2010 (IPGG) or 2007-2011 CSRC VB 'Vector"). We did not analyze monographs, theses, or conference proceedings (including those that were published in journals), because our aim was to optimize the list of subscribed journals. To collect comprehensive data regarding these publications, we used four overlapping sources. (1) The Russian Science Citation Index (SCI) was used to retrieve articles based on the profile of each researcher. The "Bound and Unbound Publications in One List" option was switched off. (2) Thomson Reuters SCI Expanded was used to examine the profile of each researcher. The "Conference Proceedings Citation Index" option was switched off. …

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