Academic journal article Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Countries Need Cancer Prevention

Academic journal article Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Countries Need Cancer Prevention

Article excerpt

The number of new cancer cases worldwide increased to 14.1 million in 2012 from 12.7 million in 2008, while the number of cancer deaths increased from 7.6 million in 2008 to 8.2 million in 2012, according to the World cancer report 2014.

The report was released last month by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), WHO's specialized cancer agency.

A sharp rise is expected in the number of new cancer cases to 22 million annually by 2034, the report said. Over the same period, cancer deaths are expected to rise from an estimated 8.2 million to 13 million annually.

Globally, in 2012 the most common cancers diagnosed were those of the lung (1.8 million cases, 13.0% of all cancers), the breast (1.7 million, 11.9%), and the large bowel (1.4 million, 9.7%). The most common causes of cancer death were cancers of the lung (1.6 million, 19.4% of all cancer deaths), the liver (0.8 million, 9.1%) and the stomach (0.7 million, 8.8%).

Developing countries are disproportionately affected by cancer, the report said. More than 60% of the world's total cancer cases occur in Africa, Asia and Central and South America. These regions, it said, account for more than 70% of cancer deaths.

"Despite exciting advances, this report shows that we cannot treat our way out of the cancer problem," said Dr Christopher Wild, Director of IARC and a co-editor of the report. …

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