Academic journal article Library Philosophy and Practice

Research Trends in Select Science Faculties of University of Jammu

Academic journal article Library Philosophy and Practice

Research Trends in Select Science Faculties of University of Jammu

Article excerpt

Abstract

The study attempts to analyze and report research trends in various subject fields of the faculty of Sciences, Life Sciences and Mathematical Science of University of Jammu. The analysis is based on the data gathered from SCOPUS as on March-May, 2011. The data gathered were meticulously analysed to depict research trends in different Departments and Subject areas viz: collaboration at various levels, authorship patterns, and citation profile. The findings reveal that although the faculties under study have witnessed potential growth in terms of research output. However, several departments are still lagging behind in terms of productivity and quality research, which is evident from low research output and citation count received by the publications. Current study is confined to 1237 research contributions that were published during 39 years from (1972 to May, 2011), by the 15 departments under the faculty of Sciences, Life Sciences and Mathematical Sciences of University of Jammu indexed by SCOPUS. The study is beneficial to highlight potential areas of research and will act as a tool for addressing problems at research front in those subject areas where research output is very meagre.

Keywords- Research, research output, Science and Technology research, Science and Technology research in India, collaborative research, University research, citation impact, research barriers.

Introduction

Knowledge is being valued as a vital asset for progress and prosperity in every sphere of human understanding. The domain of knowledge especially scientific knowledge is ever expanding resulting out of experimentation carried out at different levels. This trend makes scientific & technological activities more important because it expands the intellectual asset of human kind and solves important national problems (Yamamoto, 2001). The most significant source of technological progress over the past several years has been the advancement of scientific knowledge. The dependence of industrial innovation on science first became evident in the last few decades of the 19th century. Industries the driving force of economy for a nation came to rely on universities to train the scientists & engineers that they would employ in their research. Therefore, University research itself also contributed to technical advances in industry all over the world (Hill, 2006). Science & technological research became the key area of focus because the engine of economic growth & social prosperity is the knowledge & the basic research that produces that knowledge. Okafor and Dike (2010) considers that the primary aim of research is discovering, interpreting, and the development of methods & systems for the advancement of human knowledge on a wide variety of scientific matters of world & universe. The results stemming from research & development can be used to solve various kinds of problems that are confronted by the society world over.

Modern day research is increasingly complex & demands an ever-widening range of skills. Collaboration is one way of addressing such demands. The science community has increasingly celebrated collaborative research and there has been growing importance of research collaboration in science community (Gupta & Dhawan, 2008). According to He, Geng and Hunt (2008) among the numerous benefits of research collaboration, often cited in literature are sharing knowledge & techniques, cross pollination of ideas, pooling research resources & sharing expensive instruments, increasing visibility & recognition and accelerating research progress.

Research, is regarded as an important indicator of nations competitiveness for the present and future (Abbot & Doucouliagos, 2004). Although govt. and private institutions have set up their own research centres and started their own research, universities continue to play a prominent role in knowledge production particularly in pure or basic research fields (Conroy, 1989); (Geuna, 1998); (Loon, 2008) as cited in ( Li, Millwater & Hudson, 2008). …

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