Academic journal article Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Ebola Virus Disease in Western Africa

Academic journal article Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Ebola Virus Disease in Western Africa

Article excerpt

WHO is providing support to Guinea in response to the first outbreak of Ebola virus disease in the country. As of 9 April, Guinea had reported 157 cases including 101 deaths.

Initially cases were tested and confirmed by the Pasteur Institute both in Lyon, France and in Dakar, Senegal, as well as the Bernhard Nocht Institute of Tropical Medicine in Hamburg, Germany, using a polymerase chain reaction test.

When the outbreak in Guinea continued, samples were tested by a team from the Pasteur Institute's Dakar and Paris laboratories working in Conakry, the Guinean capital, and by staff at the European Union Mobile Laboratory in Guekedou prefecture in the south of the country.

About 515 people--both contacts of those who died of Ebola virus disease and people with a confirmed case of the disease--were under medical observation.

WHO, Guinea's health ministry and partners, including Medecins Sans Frontieres (MSF), were meeting on a daily basis last month to work on key aspects of the response: coordination, disease surveillance, clinical management, logistics and social mobilization.

Nongovernmental organization MSF set up Ebola treatment wards in Macenta and Guekedou, while also providing support to the hospital in Kissidougou province. …

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