Academic journal article Refuge

Queer Settlers: Questioning Settler Colonialism in LGBT Asylum Processes in Canada

Academic journal article Refuge

Queer Settlers: Questioning Settler Colonialism in LGBT Asylum Processes in Canada

Article excerpt

Abstract

Refugee and forced migration studies have focused primarily on the refugees' countries of origin and the causes for migration. Yet it is also important to also critically investigate the processes, discourses, and structures of settlement in the places they migrate to. This has particular significance in settler states like Canada in which research on refugee and forced migration largely ignores the presence of Indigenous peoples, the history of colonization that has made settlement possible, and ways the nation has shaped its borders through inflicting control and violence on Indigenous persons. What does it mean, then, to file a refugee claim in a state like Canada in which there is ongoing colonial violence against First Nations communities? In this article, we will explore what it means to make a refugee claim based on sexual orientation and gender identity in a settler-state like Canada. For sexual and gender minority refugees in Canada, interconnected structures of colonial discourse and regulation come into force through the Canadian asylum and resettlement process. It is through this exploration that ideas surrounding migration, asylum, and settlement become unsettled.

Resume

Les etudes sur les refugies et les migrations forcees ont porte principalement sur les pays des refugies d'origine et les causes de la migration. Pourtant, il est egalement important d'aussi etudier de maniere critique les processus, les discours et les structures de peuplement dans les endroits vers lesquels ils migrent. Cela a une signification particuliere dans les etats coloniaux comme le Canada oil la recherche sur les refugies et la migration forcee ignore en grande partie la presence des peuples autochtones, Fhistoire de la colonisation qui a rendu le peuplement possible et les moyens par lesquels la nation a faconne ses frontieres en usant de pouvoir et de violence sur les populations autochtones. Quel est le sens, alors, de deposer une demande d'asile dans un etat comme le Canada oil persiste la violence coloniale contre les communautes des Premieres Nations? Dans cet article, nous allons explorer ce que cela signifie defaire une demande d'asile fondee sur Forientation sexuelle et 1'identite de genre dans un etat colonial comme le Canada. Pour les refugies d'orientation sexuelle et d'identite de genre minoritaires au Canada, les structures interconnectees du discours colonial et de la reglementation entrent en vigueur dans le cadre de processus d'asile et de reinstallation. C'est grace a cette etude que les idees entourant la migration, Vasile et le peuplement sont destabilisees.

**********

Political and media attention on sexual and gender minority refugees has risen within Canada in the past ten years. This attention has focused primarily on anti-queer violence and the particularly oppressive conditions that push sexual and gender minority persons to seek asylum in Canada. While there has been some work of significance done by researchers on hetero-normativity and the Canadian asylum process, less work has been done on the historical and ongoing colonial structures that sexual and gender minority persons must navigate as they make a refugee claim in Canada. A guiding question in this article is to explore what it means to make a refugee claim based on sexual orientation and gender identity in a settler state like Canada, where there is ongoing colonial violence against First Nations communities and other racialized bodies. What are the implications? For sexual and gender minority refugees in Canada, all of these different but interconnected structures of settler-colonial discourse and regulation take effect through the Canadian asylum and resettlement process.

In this article, I approach in-state sexual and gender minority refugee asylum in Canada using a post-colonial theoretical lens. It is through this exploration that I hope to unsettle notions of migration, asylum, and settlement to critically investigate the refugee asylum process for sexual and gender minority refugees. …

Search by... Author
Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

Oops!

An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.