Academic journal article Bulletin of the World Health Organization

New HIV Guidelines

Academic journal article Bulletin of the World Health Organization

New HIV Guidelines

Article excerpt

WHO has released a new set of guidelines outlining the steps that countries need to take to reduce the number of new HIV infections and make HIV testing, treatment and care available for five key population groups: men who have sex with men; prisoners; people who inject drugs; sex workers and transgender people.

The Consolidated guidelines on HIV prevention, diagnosis, treatment and care for key populations was released last month ahead of the International AIDS Conference in Melbourne, Australia, that started on 20 July.

Alongside this comprehensive range of clinical recommendations, WHO recommends that countries re move the legal and social barriers that prevent many of these key populations from accessing HIV services.

For the first time, WHO is recommending that men who have sex with men consider taking antiretroviral medicines, if appropriate for them, in addition to using condoms to prevent them becoming infected with HIV, given the high rates in this group.

Global estimates show that the incidence of HIV infection in men who have sex with men could be reduced as much as 25% if they followed the new guidance, averting up to 1 million new infections over 10 years. …

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