Academic journal article Political Economy Journal of India

Rehabilitation of Salt Workers: Policy and Strategy

Academic journal article Political Economy Journal of India

Rehabilitation of Salt Workers: Policy and Strategy

Article excerpt

Salt is one of the important ingredients for human being, which available from mineral, occasion, animals, land, etc. Salt is produce in India predominantly by solar evaporation of seawater, sob-soil or lake brine. The costal states of Gujarat, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Orissa and West Bengal and hinterland state of Rajasthan are producing salt. Gujarat is premier salt producing State accounting for about 70 percent of the total salt produced in the country followed by Tamil Nadu and Rajasthan. These three are surplus salt producing states, which are catering to the requirement of deficient and non-salt producing states. The scheme for housing for salt workers came through the recommendation made by the Parliament Standing Committee. The Parliamentary Standing Committee of Development of Industrial Policy and Promotion in its 51 report on Demand for Grants (2002-2003) have suggested the government should vigorously implement the rehabilitation schemes for the salt workers affected by natural calamities, so that the salt production in this country is not affected. If need be, allocation should be suitably enhanced for the purpose. This recommendation has promoted shelters for the salt workers preferably nearby the salt production areas. It is proposed to construct one house for every 10 acre of land allotted to the salt works subject to a maximum of 100 units in a single salt work. The criteria of 10 acres have been adopted for the reason that it is considered economically viable land holding to financially sustain one family. In general, government has made provision for three types of shelters for the salt workers; individual house where each family should have at least 10 acres of land under salt production or the family should be a part of cooperative society, second one where a small group of families live nearby salt production areas, and third one where a large number of families live closer to each other. The second and third types of workers need not necessary to hold any individual production areas but can work under the other manufactures based on pre-decided wages. The following table shows dwelling units in 10th Five Year Plan State wise.

In the subsequent phases health and educational facilities are also proposed to be created to ameliorate the condition of salt workers, which would result in: Improved health status of workers, sage and better working and living conditions, increased employment potential, improved financial and social stats on account of guarantee employment.

The following table shows state wise areas covered under salt production, production of salt and labour engaged in salt industry.

The table shows that salt is one of the important needful commodities but engaged less then one-lack labour through out country. Gujarat is one of the pioneer states, which engaged almost 50 percent (49.42 percent) of labour followed by Rajasthan (16.72 percent). Gujarat and Rajasthan both the states simultaneously produce salt 67.55 percent and 12.22 percent which is almost 80.0 percent of salt production of the country. the main objective of the Namak Mazdoor Awaas is provide dwelling units for salt workers in salt producing states Gujarat, Rajasthan, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, Orissa, etc. this article designed to discuss field observations incase of Gujarat and Rajasthan where salt workers have been provided houses under Namak Mazoor Awaas Yojana.

The houses have been allotted to individuals in the forms of scatter, clusters and colonies. In Gujarat being pioneer state in salt production, the number of houses is more and more over the requirements of the houses have been made in above mentioned three categories whereas in Nava City the houses been provided at one place in form of the colony named Namak Majzoor Awaas Colony.

Objectives of the Study

* To examine the guidelines pf the selection process of the beneficiaries

* To examine quality of houses constructed under the scheme, and

* To assess benefits accrued and its impact on the beneficiaries. …

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