Academic journal article Kadin/Woman 2000

The Re-Construction of Patriarchal Roles in the Process of Modernization: Pro-Feminism Examples in Turkish literature/Modernlesme Surecinde Ataerkil Rollerin Yeniden Yapilandirilmasi: Erkek Feminizmi Ve Turk Edebiyatindan Ornekler

Academic journal article Kadin/Woman 2000

The Re-Construction of Patriarchal Roles in the Process of Modernization: Pro-Feminism Examples in Turkish literature/Modernlesme Surecinde Ataerkil Rollerin Yeniden Yapilandirilmasi: Erkek Feminizmi Ve Turk Edebiyatindan Ornekler

Article excerpt

Abstract

This study analyzes pro-feminism in the modernization process of Turkey. The concept of pro-feminism is used to define men who support the change of patriarchal roles, and partially support feminist movements. However, this concept limits the genuine understanding of feminism and it does not mean more than a call for the re-construction of patriarchal roles. There is a strong relationship between woman and modernization attempts. During the modernization process in Turkey, it seems that intellectuals, politicians and bureaucrats have redefined the roles of woman in society and encouraged woman's participation in social life more than before. The changes in the role of woman also started to be used as the rhetoric of modernity. The literature developed by the writers who contributed to the modernization process in Turkey in the first half of the 20th century provides important references to understand this rhetoric and the concept of pro-feminism. For this reason, this study focuses on the works of the important writers in the modernization process in Turkey such as Omer Seyfettin, Peyami Safa, and Vala Nureddin. This study unravels that profeminism does not overlap with the aim of feminism to eliminate the gender inequalities in society; that profeminism leads to the emergence of new patriarchal gender roles; modernization rhetoric has been used in profeminist approaches and finally the influence of profeminism is evident in the works of the writers of that period. Novels are important media texts, which have impact on generating the values and the opinions of people. This study analyzes the approaches towards modernization and woman, which determines the new gender roles attributed to woman in the process of modernization of Turkey. These gender roles ascribed to woman are compared with the characteristics and roles of man and woman characters created in the works of the aforementioned writers.

Keywords: modernization, gender, feminism, pro-feminism.

Oz

Bu calisma Turkiye'nin modernlesme surecinde erkek feminizmi kavramini analiz etmektedir. Kadinin toplumsal cinsiyet rolleri ve modernlesme arasinda yakin bir iliski bulunmaktadir. Turkiye'de modernlesme surecinde aydin, siyasetci ve burokratlarin kadina iliskin rolleri yeniden tanimladigi ve kadinin toplumsal yasama katilimi gibi konularda cesitli iyilestirmeleri savunduklari gorulmektedir. Bu iyilestirmeler ayni zamanda modernlik retorigine de donusmektedir. Erkek feminizmi kavraminin anlaminin ve modernlesme surecinde kadin uzerinden gelistirilen retorigin anlasilmasi bakimindan 20. yuzyilin ilk yarisindaki donemde Turkiye'nin modernlesme surecinde etkili olan aydinlarin edebi eserleri onemli ornekler sunmaktadir. Bu calismada, Omer Seyfettin, Peyami Safa ve Vala Nureddin'in eserleri Incelenmektedir. Calismanin temel iddialarini su sekilde siralamak mumkundur; erkek feminizmi kavrami toplumsal cinsiyet esitsizligini giderme amaciyla ortusmemektedir; toplumda yeni ataerkil roller tanimlanmasina yol acmaktadir; erkek feminizmi yaklasiminda modernlesme retorigi kullanilmistir; calismada ele alinan aydinlarin eserlerinde erkek feminizminin etkileri belirgnidir. Edebiyat eserleri toplumsal degerlerin olusumunda ve kabul edilmesinde medya araci olma rolu nedeniyle de onemlidir. Calismada iddia edilen savlar modernlesme ve uluslasma surecinde kadina atfedilen rollere iliskin teorik yaklasimdan yararlanilarak, Turkiye'de modernlesme surecinde kadina atfedilen yeni rollerin tespiti ve tespit edilen bu rollerin edebiyat eserlerinde tasvir edilen karakterlerin rolleri ve ozellikleri ile karsilastirilmasi yoluyla analiz edilmektedir.

Anahtar Kelimeler: modernlesme, toplumsal cinsiyet, feminizm, erkek feminizmi.

Giris

Erkek feminizmi modernlesme surecinde klasik ataerkilligin donusum surecinde, geleneksel kadin ve erkek iliskilerini aciklayan, bu cinsiyetler arasindaki hiyerarsiyi gorunur hale getiren bir kavramdir. …

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