Academic journal article The Review of Metaphysics

The Journal of Philosophy: Vol. 111, No. 7, July 2014

Academic journal article The Review of Metaphysics

The Journal of Philosophy: Vol. 111, No. 7, July 2014

Article excerpt

Sophisticated Exclusion and Sophisticated Causation, LEI ZHONG

The Exclusion Argument, which aims to deny the causal efficacy of irreducible mental properties, is probably the most serious challenge to nonreductive physicalism. Many proposed solutions to the exclusion problem can reject only simplified exclusion arguments, but fail to block a sophisticated version the author introduces. This paper attempts to show that we can refute the sophisticated exclusion argument by appeal to a sophisticated understanding of causation, the Dual-condition Conception of Causation. Specifically, the author argues that the dual-condition account of causation gives strong support to the so-called Autonomy Solution, which contends that even if mental properties are unable to cause (fundamental) physical properties, they can still cause higher-level properties (such as mental, behavioral, and social properties)--if so, human agency would be preserved in the physical world.

Tense as a Feature of Perceptual Content, JAN ALMANG

In recent years the idea that perceptual content is tensed, in the sense that we can perceive objects as present or as past, has come under attack. …

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