Academic journal article The Review of Metaphysics

Mind: Vol. 123, Issue 492, October 2014

Academic journal article The Review of Metaphysics

Mind: Vol. 123, Issue 492, October 2014

Article excerpt

A Multimodal Conception of Bodily Awareness, FREDERIQUE DE VIGNEMONT

One way to characterize the special relation that one has to one's own body is to say that only one's body appears to one from the inside. Although widely accepted, the nature of this specific experiential mode of presentation of the body is rarely spelled out. Most definitions amount to little more than lists of the various body senses (including senses of posture, movement, heat, pressure, and balance). It is true that body senses provide a kind of informational access to one's own body, which one has to no other bodies, by contrast to external senses like vision, which can take many bodies as their object. But a theory of bodily awareness needs to take into account recent empirical evidence that indicates that bodily awareness is infected by a plague of multisensory effects, regardless of any dichotomy between body senses and external senses. This paper argues in favor of a multimodal conception of bodily awareness. It shows that the body senses fail to account fully for the content of bodily experiences. It then proposes that vision helps compensate for the insufficiencies of the body senses in people who can see. Finally, it argues that the multimodality of bodily experiences does not prevent privileged access to one's body.

Counterfactuals and Arbitrariness, MORITZ SCHULZ

The pattern of credences we are inclined to assign to counterfactuals challenges standard accounts of counterfactuals. In response to this problem, this paper develops a semantics of counterfactuals in terms of the epsilon-operator. The proposed semantics stays close to the standard account: the epsilon-operator substitutes the universal quantifier present in standard semantics by arbitrarily binding the open world-variable. …

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