Academic journal article The Review of Metaphysics

Phronesis: Vol. 60, No. 1, 2015

Academic journal article The Review of Metaphysics

Phronesis: Vol. 60, No. 1, 2015

Article excerpt

Parmenides' Epistemology and the Two Parts of His Poem, SHAUL TOR

This paper pursues a new approach to the problem of the relation between aletheia and doxa. It investigates as interrelated matters Parmenides' impetus for developing and including doxa, his conception of the mortal epistemic agent in relation both to doxa's investigations and to those in aletheia, and the relation between mortal and divine in his poem. Parmenides, it is argued, maintained that doxastic cognition is an ineluctable and even appropriate aspect of mortal life. The mortal agent, however, is nonetheless capable of sustaining the cognition of aletheia by momentarily coming to think with--or as--his divine (fiery, ethereal) soul.

A Fourth Alternative in Interpreting Parmenides, JOHN E. SISKO and YALE WEISS

According to current interpretations, Parmenides either embraces a token-monism of things, or a type-monism of the nature of each kind of thing, or a generous monism, accepting a token-monism of things of a specific type, necessary being. These interpretations share a common flaw: they fail to secure commensurability between Parmenides' aletheia and doxa. This paper effects this by arguing that Parmenides champions a metaphysically refined form of material monism, a type-monism of things; that light and night are allomorphs of what is (to eon); and that the key features of what is are entailed by the theory of material monism. …

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