Academic journal article Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Gains against Malaria

Academic journal article Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Gains against Malaria

Article excerpt

The number of people who died from malaria fell to an estimated 584 000 in 2013 from 882 000 in 2000, according to the World malaria report 2014.

Meanwhile, malaria mortality rates--which take into account population growth over time--are estimated to have declined by 47% globally between 2000 and 2013 from 49 to 26 deaths per 100 000 people at risk.

The dramatic fall in malaria mortality is thanks to increased distribution of insecticide-treated bednets, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa, as well as greater access to reliable rapid diagnostic tests and effective treatment, according to the report.

In 2013, almost half of the people at risk of malaria in sub-Saharan Africa had access to an insecticide-treated net, while the number of rapid diagnostic tests procured globally increased to 319 million, up from 46 million in 2008, and a total of 392 million courses of artemisinin-based combination therapies (ACTs) were procured, up from 11 million in 2005.

"The malaria target under Millennium Development Goal 6 has been met, and 55 countries are on track to reduce their malaria burden by 75%, in line with the World Health Assembly's target for 2015," said WHO Director-General Dr Margaret Chan in the report's foreword. …

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