Academic journal article The Review of Metaphysics

Phronesis: Vol. 60, No. 2, 2015

Academic journal article The Review of Metaphysics

Phronesis: Vol. 60, No. 2, 2015

Article excerpt

Socrates' Warning Against Misology (Plato, Phaedo 88c-91c), THOMAS MILLER

In the Phaedo, Socrates warns his listeners, discouraged by the objections of Simmias and Cebes, against becoming haters of logoi. This paper argues that the misologists are presented as a type of protoskeptic and that Socrates in fact shows covert sympathy for their position. The difference between them is revealed by the pragmatic argument for trust in the immortality of the soul that Socrates offers near the end of the passage: the misologists reject such therapeutic uses of logos. The paper concludes by assessing the relationship of the positions of Socrates and the misologists in the Phaedo to those of later ancient skeptics.

Ranking Knowledge in the Philebus, AMBER D. CARPENTER

Socrates's concise examination of intelligence in the Philebus is framed with the odd ambition to discover which knowledges are more closely related to knowledge. If we take Plato's epistemology here to be paradeigmatist, this and other oddities of the passage disappear; we can then read it as articulating that paradigm, setting procedural as well as objectual constraints on perfect knowledge. While all cognitive disciplines, however lowly, aim at this perfect knowledge, most necessarily fall short of this ideal. …

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