Academic journal article European Research Studies

Peculiarities of Implementation of the Results of Actors' Solving of Political Tasks

Academic journal article European Research Studies

Peculiarities of Implementation of the Results of Actors' Solving of Political Tasks

Article excerpt

1. Introduction

A politics maker is any person, who is somehow involved in it. It is the peculiarities of thinking of a political person (hereinafter will be referred to as actor) that our research is devoted to. The effectiveness of political activity is determined by the way the actor realizes the political situation and himself in politics, how and which political tasks exactly he produces, is ready to solve and actually solves. When interpreting political thinking we rely on the systemic and strategic approach, namely as follows: (a) general psychological concepts related to thinking as psychical function and as an integral form of cognitive activity; (b) specific features of political consciousness and its functioning in different types of political activity and behavior; (c) peculiarities of political activity as a separate type of activity and political thinking as a special type of activity, intellectual activity in particular; d) the idea of a subject's activity aimed at his overcoming of uncertain situation (subjective and objective) in thinking activity.

The central topic of the systemic and strategic approach in our research is the topic of the essence of organization and functioning of actor's political thinking. What is meant here is the integral process of thinking activity--from the emergence of ideas, and creative thoughts up to their embodiment in political contexts and discourses. In native psychology the systemic and strategic approaches are most actively used in the human creative activity research. Political activity has a powerful resource of creativity, which corresponds to its origin and is manifested at all levels of political activity of a person in the society. The fundamental components of our research are procedural and dynamic as well as individual and regulatory aspects of political activity.

Individual aspect of political thinking that is, in fact, its operational component, declares itself in subjective thinking strategies, cohesive and strategic organization of actor's thinking. Political activity presupposes the selectivity of intellectual actions (in particular, object selectivity), relevance (most essential) of the combination of mental and practical operations, which function in the process of constructing and structuring of a political task that, in its turn, is predetermined by the subjective features. Such factors direct the mental process of search by involving emotions, needs, knowledge, experience, attention, imagination etc.

The aim of the article is to present the results of the research of actor's political thinking at the stage of verification (implementation) of the concept when solving a political task.

2. Political Actors and the Process of Decision Making

If we interpret the task concept broadly enough, subject's activity can be presented as a system of task solving processes. Based on the methodological positions of the tasks theory (G. O. Ball, 1990), we call "political task" to be a task that is involved in real political activity; it necessarily contains certain novelty, it is always a problem that predetermines actualization and the process of mental acts; it potentially determines the search process direction although does not guarantee the correct and complete result. It means that first of all a practical task ("To participate in political events or not"?; "to ensure the program activity" etc.). A political task is an instance of a social task, since politics is one of the areas of the society existence. The procedural and dynamic component of political thinking functions as an integral form of synthesis of the subject's different psychic phenomena. It encompasses the whole mental process of search. Therefore, its study lasted throughout all the stages of solving political tasks.

Four types of political tasks are used in the research: political analysis, political forecasting, political decision-making and management. …

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