Academic journal article Nursing Education Perspectives

NINR/NLN Co-Sponsor 2015 National Nursing Research Roundtable: The Nexus of Practice, Research, and Education for the Health of the Nation

Academic journal article Nursing Education Perspectives

NINR/NLN Co-Sponsor 2015 National Nursing Research Roundtable: The Nexus of Practice, Research, and Education for the Health of the Nation

Article excerpt

The National Nursing Research Roundtable (NNRR) has met annually since 1987 to provide an opportunity for the leaders of nursing organizations with a research mission to discuss and disseminate research findings to improve health outcomes. The NNRR mission is to serve the public's health through development of a strong research-based nursing practice. The annual NNRR brings together clinicians, scientists, educators, scholars, and policy leaders to discuss priorities in science, practice, and policy and to envision the future.

The 2015 NNRR, co-sponsored by the National Institute of Nursing Research (NINR) of the National Institutes of Health and the National League for Nursing, brought together more than a dozen professional nursing societies to discuss the importance of health care transitions within the context of nursing practice, research, and education. Scientific presentations on the latest advances in transitional care were followed by break-out sessions to discuss the science of health care transitions and the policy, practice, and education implications of these transitions as critical aspects of health care.


NINR Research

NINR Director Dr. Patricia Grady provided an update on NINR research in which she summarized NINR-supported studies focused on health care transitions following treatment in acute care settings. She noted that recent changes in health care policy have catalyzed the need for more research and that the field of transitional care research has been pioneered by nurses. Citing the Transitional Care Model (TCM) developed by Dr. Mary Naylor from the University of Pennsylvania, Dr. Grady noted that the TCM has contributed to improvements in health outcomes and patient satisfaction for seniors suffering from multiple chronic illnesses. By demonstrating that nurse-managed transitional care reduces hospital readmissions and can substantially reduce total health care costs, the TCM has garnered the attention of third-party payers (Naylor, Aiken, Kurtzman, Olds, & Hirschman, 2011).

Dr. Grady cited other examples of nursing research in transitional care in hospital as well as community settings. One example was the Discharge Decision Support System, embedded in electronic health records systems to identify patients in need of follow-up after hospital discharge to improve health outcomes and reduce hospital readmission costs (Holland, Knafl, & Bowles, 2013; Holland, Rhudy, Vanderboom, & Bowles, 2012). Researchers are currently developing systems, tailored to the end-user, for continuous evaluation and improvement--an approach with potential for broad implementation and dissemination.

Intersection Among Research, Education, and Practice

In her keynote address, Dr. Eileen Sullivan-Marx of New York University discussed the critical intersection between research, education, and practice and how these areas can be combined with two current health care priorities--improved delivery of health care services and the use of technology--to enhance undergraduate nursing education. Dr. Sullivan-Marx cited opportunities through curricula to include students with experiences in technology, posing the question of how to harness their capabilities in designing future efforts rather than fitting them into ongoing projects.

Dr. Sullivan-Marx recommended teaching research skills at all levels of education to make research careers exciting. She emphasized case-based learning with the integration of research and highlighted the importance of tying nursing and nursing outcomes to data, informatics, and health care financing.

Science of Health Care Transitions

Drs. Barbara Riegel, Arlene Butz, and Debra Barksdale provided scientific presentations on the science of health care transitions and the policy and practice implications of health care transitions as a critical aspect of health care.

Dr. …

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