Academic journal article The Journal of Parapsychology

The Multiphasic Model of Precognition: The rationale/Le Modele Multiphasique De la Precognition: l'argumentaire/Das Multiphasische Modell der Prakognition: Der grundgedanke/El Modelo Multifasico De Precognicion: La Justificacion

Academic journal article The Journal of Parapsychology

The Multiphasic Model of Precognition: The rationale/Le Modele Multiphasique De la Precognition: l'argumentaire/Das Multiphasische Modell der Prakognition: Der grundgedanke/El Modelo Multifasico De Precognicion: La Justificacion

Article excerpt

Operationally, precognition (PC) is specified when a stimulus is generated relative to a response. In traditional human-centered research, a response is always elicited after some stimulus has been administered. In precognition studies, however, researchers reverse that order--a randomly determined stimulus is generated after a response has been registered. At the end of this article, we provide a more formal definition, based on the multiphasic model of precognition (MMPC).

The observables in informational-psi phenomena are: (a) information originating at some distant space-time point and (b) the information eventually reported as some form of cognition. Both informational and person perspectives are necessary for the holistic understanding of the phenomenon.

The problem of precognition (a person-centric perspective) needs to incorporate the external world. However, researchers trained in a person-centric perspective apply the principles of their field in interpreting physical theories. The absence of fidelity to the domain of a theory based in another discipline lends to utter confusion in its interpretation, leading to extending the theoretical constructs of a particular theory way beyond its intended applications, limitations, and domain specificity. Examples include quantum theory, which addresses the domain of the micro-world of matter; information theory, which addresses the domain of "pure information" without cognitive content; and phenomenological theories, which address the subjective experience of the external physical reality.

Defining the Problem Space

The multiphasic model of precognition (MMPC) is a signal-based, (2) process-oriented model designed to determine the causal mechanisms leading to the experience of precognition. As a starting point, we have formally defined the problem space of precognition (PC) by considering two phases.

1. Phase I falls exclusively within the physics domain (PD). It addresses the question, How is it possible that information can go between two space-time points and be used, especially if the two points are separated such that their can be no causal relations between the two points? It is related to how information is carried from an external source, which is distant in time and space, to the percipient. Or in simpler terms, the PD considers everything about PC that occurs outside the head. We refer to psi in the PD as retrocausation (RC) and the carrier of such information coming from a future point in space-time as a retrocausal signal (RC signal). In doing so, we provide a distinction between the PD aspect of the process and use PC for the ND, to refer to the internal and subjective part of the process.

2. Phase II falls entirely within the neuroscience domain (ND)--internal to the human percipient. It addresses the experiential part of the problem, that is, how the information is acquired by a putative sensory system, how this information is processed in the brain, and how it is expressed. We define the acquiring mechanism as a transition between the PD and ND.

In our view, RC information arises from the external world (i.e., the PD), and is perceived and processed in the internal world (i.e., the ND). This formal bifurcation clearly lays out the domain of activity for researchers from various disciplines. A physicist interested in the question of how information can travel from there/then to here/now need not be concerned with how the information is perceived. A geneticist searching for a possible genetic basis for brain structures that permit the interpretation of a putative RC signal need not concern himself with the questions faced by a physicist. While advances in both the domains will lead to an understanding of the process of PC, in the intermittent phase, fidelity to one's own discipline without encroaching on the constructs of the other domain will result in less confusion and generalization of terms to domains where they are not applicable. …

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