Academic journal article The Review of Metaphysics

The Journal of Philosophy: Vol. 112, No. 1, January 2015

Academic journal article The Review of Metaphysics

The Journal of Philosophy: Vol. 112, No. 1, January 2015

Article excerpt

Parity, Comparability, and Choice, CHRISOULA ANDREOU

It is often supposed that, given two potential objects of choice, X and Y, a specific set of circumstances, and a specific choosing agent, one of the following must be true: (1) opting for X is a better choice than opting for Y, (2) opting for Y is a better choice than opting for X, or (3) opting for X and opting for Y are exactly equally good choices. The aim in this paper is to show how some philosophical insights concerning color perception can illuminate the possibility of two options, X and Y, being such that, even given a specific set of circumstances and a specific choosing agent, none of (1), (2), or (3) holds, but X and Y are positively related to one another as "on a par."

A Solution to the Purported Non-Transitivity of Normative Evaluation, ALAN CARTER

Derek Parfit presents his Mere Addition Paradox in order to demonstrate that it is extremely difficult to avoid the Repugnant Conclusion. And in order to avoid it, Parfit has embraced perfectionism. …

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