Academic journal article Kadin/Woman 2000

Political Participation of Homemaker Women and Their Attitude to Feminism: Case of Izmir/Ev Kadinlarinin Siyasal Katilimi Ve Feminizm Anlayislaril Izmir Ornegi

Academic journal article Kadin/Woman 2000

Political Participation of Homemaker Women and Their Attitude to Feminism: Case of Izmir/Ev Kadinlarinin Siyasal Katilimi Ve Feminizm Anlayislaril Izmir Ornegi

Article excerpt

Abstract

This article analyses the political participation of homemaker women in Izmir, Turkey and their attitude to feminist ideology, based on an anonymous survey conducted in 2014. The survey consists of the following questions: What is the meaning of being a women in Turkey? Who generally makes decisions in your family? Is there gender equality in your society? What are your proposals to solve gender inequality existing in the Turkish society? What is feminism? Are you a feminist? How do you consider the political responses regarding women's rights and violence against women? Have you experienced violence by your husband? How do you see the position of women in the Turkish society in the future? Do you watch the news on daily basis? Do you read the newspapers on daily basis? In the elections, can you vote for a different party from your husband's? Are you a member of an NGO? The answers to the questionnaire have been analysed both quantitatively and qualitatively. Izmir is the city on the West coast of Turkey. Izmir has been a city where different cultures live together, thereby contributing to a cosmopolitan culture. Today, Izmir still conserves its multicultural structure and from a sociological point of view, it is a city with a high share of intercultural relations and tolerance. It is the third largest city of Turkey with a population of 4,4 millions. Due to this multicultural character of the city, the patriarchal structure in Izmir weaker than other big cities and regions of Turkey. Consequently, a higher political participation of women in Izmir than in other parts of the country can be expected. Sixty per cent of the participants have a high school or university degree. However findings of the survey reveal that 36 per cent of women have experienced physical violence by their husbands, only 12 per cent are member of an NGO, 30 per cent of them do not read newspapers and only 16 per cent define themselves as feminists. The majority of the respondents define feminism negatively such as an unnecessary ideology, enemy of men or they do not even know the meaning of feminism.

Keywords: homemaker, woman, political participation, attitudes, feminism, Izmir.

Oz

Bu calismada Izmir'de yasayan ev kadinlarinin siyasal katilimi ve feminizm anlayislari arastirilmistir. Izmir ili sinirlari icerisinde 2014 yihnda 352 ev kadinina 40 sorudan olusan yuz yuze anket uygulamasi yapilmistir. Anket yapilan kadinlarin kimlik bilgileri sakli tutulmustur. Arastirmaya katilan ev kadinlarina Turkiye'de kadin olmak nedir? Aile ici kararlan kirn veriyor? Toplumda kadin erkek esitligi var mi? Kadin erkek esitsizligine cozum onerileriniz nelerdir? Feminizm nedir? Feminist misiniz? Kadin haklari, kadina karsi siddet konularinda siyasette geregi yapihyor mu? Gelecekte toplumda kadinin durumunu nasil goruyorsunuz? Esinizden siddet goruyor musunuz? Haberleri izliyor musunuz? Esinizden farkli bir partiye oy veriyor musunuz? STK uyesi misiniz? Gazete okuyor musunuz? sorulan yoneltilmistir. Anket sorularwdan elden edilen sonuclar yuzdelik degerler olarak tablolarda ve kadinlarin cumlelerinden ahntilar seklinde sunulmustur. Turkiye'nin batisinda yer alan Izmir tarihsel surecte yabancilarin ve Turklerin ic ice yasadigi bir sehir olmuctur. Farkh kulturlerin bulustugu bir nokta olan Izmir, toplumsal anlamda sehrin kozmopolit bir kulture sahip olmasina katki saglamistir. Bugun Izmir cok kulturlu yapisim hala korumakta sosyolojik anlamda kulturlerarasi paylasimlarm ve anlayisin yuksek oldugu 4,4 milyon nufusu ile Turkiye'nin ucuncu buyuk sehridir. Turkiye'nin diger bolgeleri ile karsilastinldiginda ataerkil yapinin dogurmus oldugu cinsiyet esitsizliklerinden nispeten daha az etkilendigini varsaydigimiz Izmirli kadinlarin siyasal katilimlari/ siyasete bakis acilari nasildir? Izmirli ev kadinlarinin siyasete bakis acilarim ortaya koymaya calisan bu arastir ma, Turkiye'de ataerkil anlayisin daha guclu oldugu bolgelerinde yasayan kadinlarin durumlarini tespit aasmdan bir referons olusturacaktir. …

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