Academic journal article Cosmos and History: The Journal of Natural and Social Philosophy

On the Philosophical Inadequacy of Modern Physics and the Need for a Theory of Space

Academic journal article Cosmos and History: The Journal of Natural and Social Philosophy

On the Philosophical Inadequacy of Modern Physics and the Need for a Theory of Space

Article excerpt

It is the cause that we seek in all our inquiries ... One who can give no account which includes the cause has no scientific knowledge.

Aristotle (1)

These [Ptolemy's eccentrics, deferents, equants and epicycles] are not retained by philosophical astronomers who ... seek to investigate the true constitution of the universe.

Galileo Galilei (2)

In philosophical disquisitions we ought to abstract from our senses and consider things themselves, distinct from what are only sensible measures of them.

Isaac Newton (3)

It has recently been objected that this [theory of evolution] is an unsafe method of arguing; but it is a method used.by the greatest natural philosophers.. .the belief in the revolution of the earth on its own axis was until lately supported by hardly any direct evidence.

Charles Darwin (4)

1 INTRODUCTION

Many, if not most of us no longer see the Cosmos (5,6) and our species as having been created by a supernatural being a few thousand years ago. We believe that the Cosmos has existed for billions of years and that we are recent products of its evolution. As Carl Sagan put it, "We are star-stuff ... a way for the Cosmos to know itself." (7,8) It is therefore imperative that we try to understand what the Cosmos is, how it produces level-upon-level of complexity including creatures like ourselves, and what this means for how we should think and live. This paper is an account of what I discovered when I looked to theoretical physics for answers.

As a young man I discovered philosophy through the works of Ayn Rand. She asserted the primacy of existence (Cosmism) over the primacy of consciousness (spiritualism-idealism). (9) I embraced Cosmism and began deprogramming myself from the spiritualistic doctrines that I had been taught. I searched for, but failed to find a fully-developed alternative worldview in the literature, so I began reprogramming myself by writing an outline of the Cosmos' evolution of complexity. (10) I first assumed that all physical phenomena were products of mass-energy and space-time. However, while reading Albert Einstein's book on Relativity, (11) I realized that these were nothing but measurements, made by the observer, with his rods and clocks. I found that Quantum Mechanics (QM) was also an observer-based accounting-prediction model. I realized that our theoretical physics described the contents of human consciousness, not the Cosmos; that we had no theory of what exists and causes (12) physical phenomena. I assumed that such a theory must begin by relating the phenomena to Cosmic space instead of observers and arbitrary frames. When I did so, space immediately appeared to be a substance of some kind; that which resists the acceleration of matter, transmits light waves at velocity c, prevents matter from moving at c, and spontaneously organizes itself into subatomic particles, then atoms, then molecules, single-celled organisms, plants, animals, and animals with language.

With this alternative philosophical approach, I interpreted Einstein's principle of equivalence of inertial and gravitational acceleration as implying that gravity is the flow of space into all matter. This theory fits the facts, explains the successes of Newton and Einstein, (13) and promises to explain much more. I wondered why this theory had been ignored, and began to study both physics and philosophy in depth. (14) I discovered a prohibition against space theory (the ether taboo). By following it to its source I came to understand the philosophical inadequacy, not only of modern physics, but of Science itself. In this paper, I expose the origins and nature of modern physics and Science, explain what philosophy is and why we need it, and show how to replace Relativity and QM with a theory of Cosmic space and motion.

CONTENTS

1 Introduction

2 Space and Motion from Ptolemy to Stokes and Lorentz

3 The Origin and Nature of Modern Physics

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