Academic journal article The Review of Metaphysics

Phronesis: Vol. 60, No. 4, 2015

Academic journal article The Review of Metaphysics

Phronesis: Vol. 60, No. 4, 2015

Article excerpt

Leprobleme des equinoxes dans Vastronomie grecque, JEANFRANCOIS CORRE

When were equinoxes first understood? If the notion were as simple as it might seem, it ought not to be difficult to determine; but the controversies around it show that the matter is not so simple. In fact, it is very difficult to establish the equinoxes, and that difficulty led to several revisions of the notion. But with them came a change to the object under discussion changed as well--more profound than one would think given the stability of the term. This article traces the story.

Lions and promoi: Final Phase of Exile for Empedocles' Daimones, JEAN-CLAUDE PICOT and WILLIAM BERG

In Empedocles, the seers, poets, doctors, and promoi of fr. 146 DK, poised for return from exile to the company of the blessed, no more represent an Empedoclean ideal than do the lions of fr. 127. Seers, poets, and promoi are implicated in the anathema of bloodshed; in particular, the promoi (battle chiefs) are ill suited to a world of waxing Love. As with the other daimones, their exile will last through 30,000 seasons, a sentence that Empedocles' purifications cannot shorten. The lives of the seers, poets, doctors, and promoi are lived in a world of waxing Strife; their prestige is owed to their status in that world.

Plato on the Philosophical Benefits of Musical Education, NALY THALER

This paper argues that musical education in Plato's Republic is not aimed at developing a moral discriminatory faculty in the spirited part,, but rather that its benefits are predominantly intellectual and become fully apparent only at the philosophical stage of the guardians' education. In order to prove this point, the paper discusses the intellectual state which the guardians' philosophical education is meant to bring about, and then shows why it is dependent on the earlier cognitive effects of musical education. …

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