Academic journal article International Journal of Yoga

Effect of Integrated Yoga Module on Positive and Negative Emotions in Home Guards in Bengaluru: A Wait List Randomized Control Trial

Academic journal article International Journal of Yoga

Effect of Integrated Yoga Module on Positive and Negative Emotions in Home Guards in Bengaluru: A Wait List Randomized Control Trial

Article excerpt

Byline: B. Amaranath, Hongasandra. Nagendra, Sudheer. Deshpande

Background: The beneficial aspect of positive emotions on the process of learning and the harmful affect of negative emotions on coping with stress and health are well-documented through studies. The Home Guards (HGs) are working in a very stressful situation during election, managing traffic and other crowded places. It is quite essential in present day circumstances that they have to manage their emotions and cope up with different stressful situations. Objective: To study the efficacy of integrated Yoga module (IYM) on emotions (positive and negative affect [PA and NA]) of HGs. Methods: A total of 148 HGs both males and females who qualified the inclusion and exclusion criteria were randomly divided into Yoga group (YG) and control groups (CG). The YG had supervised practice sessions (by trained experts) for 1 h daily, 6 days a week for 8 weeks along with their regular routine work whereas CG performing their routine work. Positive affect negative affect scale (PANAS) was assessed before and after 8 weeks using a modified version of PANAS. Results: PA in YG had significantly increased (P < 0.05) whereas it had decreased significantly (P < 0.05) in CG. Other positive effect in YG had significantly increased (P < 0.001), whereas it had decreased significantly (P < 0.001) in CG. NA in YG had significantly decreased (P < 0.001), whereas it had significantly increased (P < 0.001) in CG. Other NA in YG had significantly decreased (P < 0.001), whereas it had significantly increased (P < 0.01) in CG. Conclusions: The results suggested that IYM can be useful for HGs to improve the PA and to decrease NA score. Moreover, IYM is cost-effective and helps HGs for coping up with emotions in stressful situations.

Introduction

Security and police personnel are playing a very important role in controlling law and order in the society and protected the country even in ancient days.[sup][1] Today, Home Guards Organization (HGO) shares the above duty with the security and police personnel. HGO is an independent disciplined and uniformed body of volunteers constituted under Karnataka Home Guards (HGs) Act, 1962, under Karnataka Home Department. HGs' Services have become indispensable during fairs, festivals, sports, elections, and for daily traffic control. Nowadays, Bengaluru HGs assist Bengaluru city Traffic Police, Regional Transport Office, Bangalore University, Food Corporation of India, Karnataka State Road Transport Corporation, and many more organizations.[sup][2]

Normally, the HGs work in stressful situations; hence, facing the realities of life is tough for them. Stress is not viewed as a singular event, but as a transaction between an individual and the environment that makes demand on all available coping resources of the body-mind complex. This involves cognitive appraisal and coping processes. When these resources are taxed, and the responses exceed the coping abilities, it can result in distressful negative emotions.[sup][3] These precipitate aggressive behaviors such as anger, fear, distress, and irritability. Stress and coping are closely related to affect or emotions because they are affected by cognitive appraisal.[sup][4] Thus the heightened stress responses that result in negative affect (NA) and distress, are reflections of an inability to cope with demanding situations.[sup][5]

An emotion is defined as a mental and physiological state associated with a wide variety of feelings, thoughts, and behaviors. It is a prime determinant of the sense of subjective well-being and appears to play a central role in many human activities.[sup][6] Watson et al . measured these emotions under two major categories namely positive and NA. Pleasant emotions of different intensities may be grouped as "positive affectivity" (PA) and unpleasant emotions under "NA".[sup][7]

Negative affect

NA can be termed as a state of aversive mood and subjective distress. …

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