Academic journal article Military Review

The 104th Field Artillery Regiment of the New York National Guard, 1916-1919: From the Mexican Border to the Meuse-Argonne

Academic journal article Military Review

The 104th Field Artillery Regiment of the New York National Guard, 1916-1919: From the Mexican Border to the Meuse-Argonne

Article excerpt

THE 104th FIELD ARTILLERY REGIMENT OF THE NEW YORK NATIONAL GUARD, 1916-1919: From the Mexican Border to the Meuse-Argonne Pamela A. Bakker, McFarland & Company, Jefferson, North Carolina, 2014, 228 pages

The unrest along the southern United States border related to the 1910 Mexican Revolution and subsequent civil war eventually involved the U.S. Army and National Guard. For the bulk of the soldiers and guardsmen, service on the border involved living and training in a harsh environment more than it did conducting combat missions.

The time spent on the border provided the soldiers and the guardsmen essential experience in everything from caring for horses to maneuvering divisions, which later paid dividends during the expansion of the Army for World War I, its deployment to Europe, and its service on the Western Front.

In The 104th Field Artillery Regiment of the New York National Guard, 1916-1919, Pamela Bakker follows a single National Guard artillery regiment from mobilization for the Mexican border in 1916, through combat on the Western Front in World War I, to its eventual discharge. The author argues that the strenuous service and training the regiment underwent while on the border hardened it so that it was able to provide skilled and courageous service on the Western Front, including fighting in the Meuse-Argonne Offensive.

The focus of the book is the 1st Field Artillery Regiment, New York National Guard, which became the 104th Field Artillery Regiment under the reorganization of the National Guard following the entry of the United States into World War I. While the author's background is in music and theology, her grandfather's service in the regiment during the period, chronicled in this work, inspired her to preserve the record of the regiment's service in both wars. …

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