Academic journal article European Research Studies

Strategy of Systemic Development of Entrepreneurial Infrastructure of Regional Economy

Academic journal article European Research Studies

Strategy of Systemic Development of Entrepreneurial Infrastructure of Regional Economy

Article excerpt

1. Introduction

At present, for the purpose of solving a strategic task of getting Russia back to the world economic elite, one of the most important tasks is transition from raw materials and export-oriented model to the model of intensive innovational development. The solution to it is founded on the development of technologies of deep processing of resources in innovational and traditional sectors of economy. At that, the productivity of innovational development of economy depends also on the level of organization of physical transportation of material resources and accompanying informational and financial flows, as well as services. Difficulties in effective implementation of the processes of physical transportation of material and other resources are caused by large territory of Russia, its peculiar geopolitical status, and different level of development of separate regions. Under such conditions, there emerges a necessity for formation of new priorities of strategic systemic development of entrepreneurial infrastructure of regions (Concerning the Strategy of innovational development of the RF until 2020, 2011).

Preservation of territorial proportions in economy, limitation of significant differentiation of regions of the Russian Federation as to the level of socio-economic development, achievement of productive education, and preservation of human capital are the key moments for improving the Russian economy and its perspective productive development (Territorial differentiation of the levels of socio-economic development and typology of the regions of Russia, 2015). At that, substantial disparities of the regions of the Russian Federations bring forth difficulties in implementation of the policy of socio-economic transformations and leads to aggravation of regional crises, increase of disintegration of regional economy, and deepening differentiation in the society (Nepomnyashchaya V.E., Okhrimenko A.I., 2014). Effective regional economic policy is impossible without efficient redistribution of resources, which, in its turn, should be conducted not only in the centralized manner but with the help with methods and mechanisms which are developed by regional authorities (Social policy, 2015). Underrun of the regions' infrastructure leads to the range of negative tendencies: in particular, underrun of the elements of social infrastructure causes difficulties in provision of high living standards of the population of certain region; underdevelopment of transport infrastructure causes difficulties of mutual circulation of goods between regions, and excessive wear of highways due to increasing load and fragmentary development of productive infrastructure causes impossibility for satisfaction of growing demands in various types of goods, works, services, etc.

2. Incorporated Materials

The infrastructure of regional economy--with optimal connection between its elements--forms a single sustainable system which increases the general efficiency of economic development and is capable to ensure the synergetic effect. At that, the latter is very topical under conditions of instability of the global and national economies (Infrastructure of region, 2015). That's why it is necessary to form a strategy of complex adaptive systemic development of regional infrastructure from the position of provision of balance of its components: provisional, productive, investment, innovational, market, and social. Formation of this strategy, correspondingly, supposes development of goals and tasks of improving the infrastructure of regional economy and interconnected priorities of its development. A strategy of systemic development of infrastructure of regional economy is a long-term qualitatively determined direction of development, based in a variety of systematized actions, allowing--on the basis of strategic priorities--determining the preferred tools and measures for implementation of procedures, parameters, and processes of development of regional infrastructure. …

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