Academic journal article The Review of Metaphysics

Journal of the History of Philosophy: Vol. 54, No. 2, April 2016

Academic journal article The Review of Metaphysics

Journal of the History of Philosophy: Vol. 54, No. 2, April 2016

Article excerpt

Universality in Aristotle's Ethics, CARLO DAVIA

This paper challenges the view that for Aristotle all judgments in ethics can hold true only for the most part. This paper makes three significant contributions to scholarship on Aristotle's ethics: (i) it rejects as unpersuasive the textual evidence cited in favor of this view; (ii) it explains how the archery metaphor as Aristotle employs it reflects his commitment to the existence of universally true descriptive and prescriptive judgments; and (iii) by way of conclusion, the paper offers historical reasons as to why Anglophone scholars in the past couple centuries have incorrectly ascribed to Aristotle the view that there are no truly universal judgments in ethics.

Hedonism and Natural Law in Locke's Moral Philosophy, ELLIOT ROSSITER

This paper argues that God's providential arrangement of pleasure and pain, according to Locke, gives us insight into the ends that God has set for us, and insight into these ends ultimately gives us insight into the content of the natural law. Others have convincingly argued that the moral theory of Locke the hedonist and Locke the natural lawyer represent a coherent whole. The distinctive contribution this paper makes is to describe the indicative role that pleasure and pain play in the promulgation of the duties of the natural law.

Malebranche on the Metaphysics and Epistemology of Particular Volitions, JULIE WALSH and ERIC STENCIL

Nicolas Malebranche holds that God can act in two ways: by general volitions or by particular volitions. Malebranche is clear that general volitions are acts of God in accordance with the laws of nature or laws of grace, and always have a secondary cause that occasions the event. He is much less direct about how, exactly, to understand particular volitions and when, if ever, they occur. This paper examines the nature and possibility of divine particular actions in Malebranche's system by way of an analysis of his discussions of creation, original sin, and the Incarnation of Christ.

A Puzzle about Hume's Theory of General Representation, DAVID LANDY

According to Hume's theory of general representation, we represent generalities by associating certain ideas with certain words. …

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