Academic journal article Library Philosophy and Practice

Scientometric Study of Periodical Literature with Journals "Language Sciences" and "Linguistics and Education"

Academic journal article Library Philosophy and Practice

Scientometric Study of Periodical Literature with Journals "Language Sciences" and "Linguistics and Education"

Article excerpt

1. Background Study

The examination of the research publication productivity and its contributions is a buzzing area of research in the field of library and information science. Bibliometrics, Scientometrics, Citation Study, and Content analysis are the concepts supplementary and complementary to each other in their respective applications in the domain of research which are most popular tools extremely and extensively used in the field. This technique has been applied in the present study to evaluate research productivity at a global context for obtaining necessary inferences.

To avoid confusion it would be worthwhile to point out here that, though the data undertaken from papers indexed in Science Direct Bibliographic Database top 25 hottest papers of the journal "Language Sciences", and "Linguistics and Education", covering time period 2005-2014, but the actual year of publication of these papers in the source journals as shows in table no. 2 indicates the period 1988-2014 (1st journal), and 19952014 (2nd journal).This is because, the papers are appeared in the top 25 hottest papers site under the period 2005-2014 which were actually published in the 1st journal (LSs) during 1988-2014, while in case of 2nd journal (L&E) the papers are appeared in the top 25 hottest papers site under the period 2005-2014 which were actually published within the period 1995-2014 in the source journal also.

2. Introduction:

Over the years, the Scientometric techniques have become tools to evaluate the productivity of research institutes, individual researchers and to map the growth of the respective subject. Publication and citation counts are being extensively used for evaluation purpose as expressed and discussed by several earlier studies (Koganuramath et. al., 2002; Davarpanah, 2009; Bechhofer et. al., 2001; and Thanuskodi, 2010). The studies undertaken by the above researchers comprehensively focus on the assessment of strengths and weaknesses in the Social Sciences research performance in an international context and discussed the identification of patterns of scientific development particularly the mapping of research activities of varied organizations, institutions, scholars/researchers, etc. (Quoted by Sethi & Panda, 2014).

Scientometrics is a technique of measuring, evaluating, and analyzing science, technology and innovation. Key research issues include the measurement of impact, reference sets of articles to evaluate the impact of journals and institutes, understanding of scientific citations, mapping scientific fields and the production of indicators for use in policy and management contexts. In practice there is a significant overlap between scientometrics and other scientific assessment methods such as: bibliometrics, informatrics, and information science etc. (Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scientometrics)

Scientometrics is one of the vital measures for the estimation of scientific productions. Macias-Chapula asserts that "scientometrics indicators become essential to the scientific community to profess the state-of-the-art of a given topic" (quoted In Lolis et. al. 2009). Scientometrics is concomitant to and has overlapping interests with the idioms Bibliometrics and Informetrics. The terms Bibliometrics, Scientometrics, and Informetrics refer to component fields associated with the study of the dynamics of disciplines as reflected in the production of their literature (Hood & Wilson, 2001).

"Scientometrics" is the English translation of the word of Nalimov's classic monograph Naukometriy in 1969, which was relatively unfamiliar to western scholars even after it translated into English. Prior to internet to be so pervasive it was rarely used and cited. However, the term became widely accepted when the journal Scientometrics once appeared in 1978 (Garfield, 2007).

There are many definitions have been put forward for the term "Scientometrics" in the literature. …

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