Academic journal article British Journal of Community Justice

Dangerous Associations: Joint Enterprise, Gangs and Racism: An Analysis of the Processes of Criminalisation of Black, Asian and Minority Ethnic Individuals

Academic journal article British Journal of Community Justice

Dangerous Associations: Joint Enterprise, Gangs and Racism: An Analysis of the Processes of Criminalisation of Black, Asian and Minority Ethnic Individuals

Article excerpt

The Centre for Crime and Justice Studies produced a Research Findings publication analysing the processes of criminalisation for black, Asian and minority ethnic individuals, authored by Patrick Williams and Becky Clarke. The report is a collaboration between Black Training and Enterprise Group (BTEG), the Centre for Crime and Justice Studies (CCJS) and Joint Enterprise Not Guilty by Association (JENGbA) and Manchester Metropolitan University.

Joint enterprise is a doctrine of common law that has been developed by the courts in cases where more than one person is to be prosecuted for the same offence. The report states that:

   It has emerged as a prosecution tool for the collective punishment
   of groups where it can be proved that the suspects were 'in it
   together'. Controversially, it applies even where the suspects may
   have played different roles and in many cases, where a suspect was
   not in the proximity of the offence committed. Intrinsic to the
   application of the doctrine is the principle of 'common purpose'
   where it is alleged individuals have conspired to commit a crime
   together. … 
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