Academic journal article Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Yellow Fever in Angola

Academic journal article Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Yellow Fever in Angola

Article excerpt

The World Health Organization (WHO) and its partners despatched 1.9 million doses of yellow fever vaccine to Angola last month to quell a large outbreak, amid fears it could spread to other parts of central and eastern Africa.

Since the outbreak was first reported in the capital Luanda in December 2015, it has spread to at least five of the country's 18 provinces. As of 10 April, 582 people were confirmed to have yellow fever and 242 of them had died in Angola.

Imported cases of yellow fever have been reported in other parts of Africa--the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Kenya--as well as in China.

"There is a risk that the outbreak in Angola could spread to other parts of central and eastern Africa, where the virus is endemic and where most people are not vaccinated," said Dr Sergio Yactayo, an epidemic diseases expert at WHO.

Yellow fever is endemic in 34 countries in Africa and 13 countries in the Americas--countries where monkeys are the natural reservoir for the virus and there is a high risk of transmission to humans.

Since 2006 more than 105 million people in West Africa have been vaccinated and no yellow fever outbreaks were reported there last year. However, mass vaccination campaigns for yellow fever have not been conducted in central and eastern Africa.

WHO and its partners in the International Coordination Group (ICG) for vaccine provision sent 9.4 million doses of yellow fever vaccine from their emergency stockpiles to Angola in February and March. …

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