Academic journal article The Review of Metaphysics

American Philosophical Quarterly: Vol. 53, No. 2, April 2016

Academic journal article The Review of Metaphysics

American Philosophical Quarterly: Vol. 53, No. 2, April 2016

Article excerpt

Know-wh Does Not Reduce to Know-That, KATALIN FARKAS

Know-wh (knowing what, where, and so on) ascriptions are ubiquitous in many languages. One standard analysis of know-wh is this: someone knowswh just in case he knows that p, where p is an answer to the question included in the wh-clause. Additional conditions have also been proposed, but virtually all analyses assume that propositional knowledge of an answer is at least a necessary condition for knowledge-wh (even if it is not sufficient). This paper challenges this assumption by arguing that there are cases where we have knowledge-wh without knowledge-that of an answer, for example, in the cases familiar from arguments for the extended mind hypothesis.

The Dual Concepts Objection to Content Externalism, BRYAN FRANCES

Many philosophers have used premises about concepts and rationality to argue that the protagonists in the various twin-earth thought experiments do not have the concepts that content externalists say they have. This essay argues that this popular internalist argument is flawed in many different ways, and, more importantly, it cannot be repaired in order to cast doubt on externalism.

The Sound of Music: Externalist Style, LUKE KERSTEN and ROBERT A. WILSON

Philosophical exploration of individualism and externalism in the cognitive sciences most recently has been focused on general evaluations of these two views. This paper returns to broaden an earlier phase of the debate by investigating music cognition as one area in the cognitive sciences that might benefit from externalist theorizing. It is argued that individualism has acted as a kind of paradigm for research within music cognition, limiting its theoretical and explanatory horizons. To counter these individualistic tendencies, externalist alternatives are outlined, and a qualified form of externalism about music cognition is offered.

Access Internalism and the Guidance Deontological Conception of Justification, RAM NETA

Historically, prominent proponents of the guidance deontological conception of epistemic justification have thought the guidance deontological conception entails access internalism. Alvin Goldman has argued this is not so, and that there is no good argument from the guidance deontological conception of justification to access internalism. …

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