Academic journal article General Psychiatry

Translated and Annotated Version of the 2015-2020 National Mental Health Work Plan of the People's Republic of China

Academic journal article General Psychiatry

Translated and Annotated Version of the 2015-2020 National Mental Health Work Plan of the People's Republic of China

Article excerpt

National Mental Health Work Plan of China (2015-2020) [1]

National Health and Family Planning Commission [2,3]

Central Commission for Comprehensive Management of Public Security [4]

National Development and Reform Commission [2,3]

Ministry of Education [2]

Ministry of Public Security [2]

Ministry of Civil Affairs [2,6]

Ministry of Justice [2]

Ministry of Finance [2]

Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security [2]

China Disabled Persons' Federation [7]

Mental health is a major public health and social issue that affects economic and social development. Strengthening mental health work is a significant component of deepening the reforms of the medical and health system and an important element in the protection and promotion of the public's physical and psychological well-being. It is also an essential requirement for comprehensively advancing the rule of law in the country, for innovating civil administration, and for promoting social harmony and stability. Mental health work is of great significance for building a healthy China, a law-governed China, and a safe China. This plan has been developed to thoroughly implement the Mental Health Law of the People's Republic of China [8] and the Opinions of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the State Council on Deepening the Health Care System Reform; [9] to strengthen the prevention, treatment, and rehabilitation of mental illness; and to promote the comprehensive development of mental health work.

A. Background

The Party and the government pay close attention to mental health work and have taken a series of political measures to promote the development of the mental health sector. This was particularly the case during the 12th Five-Year Plan (2010-2015): [10] mental health work has been an important activity for safeguarding and improving community welfare and for strengthening and innovating civil administration and was listed in the overall plan of national economic and social development. With the attention and support of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the State Council, related departments have strengthened their collaboration to implement The Mental Health Law of the People's Republic of China:18 this includes the coordination and implementation of the Construction and Development Plan for the Mental Health Preventative Care System; [11-121 the allocation of funds to upgrade and expand specialty mental health facilities;!13-141 improving the treatment conditions for patients [15] with mental disorders; supporting local administrations to develop management services for patients with severe mental disorders under the umbrella of the Basic Public Health Services Project [16] and the Major Public Health Service Project; [17] including coverage of severe mental illnesses under the Urban and Rural Resident Insurance for Critical Illnesses, the Major Disease Security system, and the Medical Aid for Urban and Rural Residents system; [181 arranging involuntary treatment based on relevant laws and regulations for mentally ill patients who are found to be not criminally liable for serious crimes; [191 and actively providing care and treatment for psychiatric patients who are retired veterans, vagrants and beggars, or who are identified as being among the "3 withouts" (i.e., without the ability to work, without a source of income, and without legal guardians to depend upon, or with legal guardians who are unable to fulfill such obligations). Local authorities conscientiously followed the promulgated requirements of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the State Council to fulfill governmental responsibilities, to upgrade the social security system, to strengthen administrative procedures, and to thoroughly develop the management and treatment system for severe mental disorders. Substantial achievements include the gradual establishment of a coordinating network for mental health work among government leaders and departments at all levels of the government [20] and the basic creation of a national mental health preventive care [12] system and service network. …

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