Academic journal article Romanian Journal of Political Science

The Contribution of Military Members in Creating a Transparent Security Policy: The Case of Poland

Academic journal article Romanian Journal of Political Science

The Contribution of Military Members in Creating a Transparent Security Policy: The Case of Poland

Article excerpt

Introduction

According to Gareth Evans (2008), one of the fathers of the rise of the Responsibility to Protect (R2P) doctrine, there are three main challenges that need to be addressed by countries in order to successfully practice R2P for other cases. Firstly, the conceptual challenge--to ensure that the scope and limits of R2P are completely understood. Furthermore, institutional preparedness--building the capacity on international and national levels, which ensure the physical capability to undertake the range of actions needed: both prevention and reaction, diplomatic, economic, legal and military measures. Finally, political preparedness--generating strategies for indispensable political willingness will take appropriate actions if there is a threat of a next R2P situation.

In this paper, we are more interested in the last requirement--Political preparedness, especially the aspect of generating transparent security strategies and policies, supported by the military members and public, too. Of course, the focus will be given to Poland's security and defence policies and strategies.

Poland's top goal in security policy is to protect the functioning of the democratic, independent, and sovereign state, its territorial integrity, inviolability of its borders, and respect of civil rights and freedoms. By basing its policy on partnership and cooperation, Poland wants to contribute to building an enduring, just and peaceful order in Europe and throughout the world, by developing a system of cooperation founded on democratic principles, human rights, rule of law and solidarity. Poland conducts its security policy as a member of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and of the European Union (EU), and by participating in political dialogue within the framework of the Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP) of the European Union and the European Union's Common Security and Defense Policy (CSDP).

In the conduct of its security policy, Poland fulfils its obligations resulting out of its membership in international organizations: the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, the European Union and the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe. Poland makes its contribution to international cooperation through the Partnership for Peace and the Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council.

Tarnogorski (2012) stated that membership in NATO, the EU and the strategic partnership with the United States dominates Polish foreign and defense policy. NATO's collective security pact is central to Poland's policy and is thought to require effective involvement in international operations. There is a political consensus that Poland has a responsibility to help maintain international security, especially after 11 September 2001.

The Strategy of National Security (2007) and its executive document, the Defense Strategy of the Republic of Poland, highlights the need of Poland to possess operational capacities that permit significant participation in NATO and EU crisis response operations, as well as support for similar UN operations. NATO and EU membership, as well as the strategic partnership with the United States, are the main reference points for Poland's foreign and defense policy.

The Strategy for the participation of the Polish armed forces in the international operations document, adopted on 13 January 2009 by the Council of Ministers, outlines the strategic aims and objectives of the Polish Armed Forces in operations abroad. Operations conducted by NATO and the EU have explicit priority, although participation in operations under the auspices of other international organizations, such as the UN and OSCE, are also mentioned. According to the Strategy, the optimal level of commitment of the Polish Armed Forces in international operations ranges between 3,200 and 3,800 soldiers and military personnel. The Polish Armed Forces can participate in missions led by international organizations or ad-hoc coalitions. …

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