Academic journal article Military Review

The Jew Who Defeated Hitler: Henry Morgenthau Jr., FDR, and How We Won the War

Academic journal article Military Review

The Jew Who Defeated Hitler: Henry Morgenthau Jr., FDR, and How We Won the War

Article excerpt

THE JEW WHO DEFEATED HITLER Henry Morgenthau Jr., FDR, and How We Won the War Peter Moreira, Prometheus Books, Amherst, New York, 2014, 296 pages

In The Jew Who Defeated Hitler: Henry Morgenthau Jr., FDR, and How We Won the War, Peter Moreira tells of the contributions Henry Morgenthau Jr. and the United States Treasury Department made toward winning the Second World War. The title of the book is a bit exaggerated because no single person defeated Hitler, but what cannot be denied is the crucial role Morgenthau played in the Allies' winning the war. The defeat of the Axis Powers in World War II was the most expensive human undertaking ever attempted, and Morgenthau, while largely behind the scenes, was the individual who helped finance the war and establish many of the initiatives that helped raise so much money for both the United States and the other allied countries.

Moreira uses a wide selection of primary and secondary sources consisting of previously published books, diary entries, letters, international and domestic financial reports, and Morgenthaus personal papers while secretary of the treasury. Highlights include his descriptions about the multiple war-bond campaigns held in the United States, Morgenthaus involvement in the lend-lease program, the War Refugee Board, and the Bretton Woods Conference. Moreira brings to life Henry Morgenthau Jr. and the important representatives within the Treasury Department in detail and vividly accounts for their efforts in financing World War II. …

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