Academic journal article African Studies Quarterly

Ruy Llera Blanes. 2014. A Prophetic Trajectory: Ideologies of Place, Time and Belonging in an Angolan Religious Movement

Academic journal article African Studies Quarterly

Ruy Llera Blanes. 2014. A Prophetic Trajectory: Ideologies of Place, Time and Belonging in an Angolan Religious Movement

Article excerpt

Ruy Llera Blanes. 2014. A Prophetic Trajectory: Ideologies of Place, Time and Belonging in an Angolan Religious Movement, Cambridge: Berghahn. xiv, 234 pp.

The book consists of two parts: itineraries and heritages, with a separate introduction. The author's great interest in Christian pluralism in Lisbon encouraged him to study the Tokoist Church as an African Pentecostal Church. Points of interest include Portuguese governance, the Tokoist Prophet Simao Toko in exile, and the system of evangelism. The author garnered information from the participants in Tokoist Church itineraries. He also utilized historical archives regarding Portuguese political and social life. The author emphasized the need to educate readers on effective religious change. His investigation revealed to him that the Tokoist Prophet had predicted that this work would be written after his death.

Chapter one and two present the biography of Simao Toko, while chapter three examined his life style in the struggle for Gospel. Angola gained independence on 25th April 1974. The next year witnessed various developments like patriotism, libertarianism, communism, and pan-Africanism.But of all of them, the Tokoist Church emerged as second to the existing Catholic Church of Angola (p. 8). The author stated that Christian movements in Angola led to the establishment of the Tokoist Church. The Prophet reconstructed some forgotten histories in Angola, and the Tokoist Church thus became popular in Angola and was named after its founder and prophet Simao Toko. The Church embarked upon the following gospel work: the way of prophetic trajectory, Angola's heritage was turned to specific acts and practice: liturgy, singing, praying and prophesying. Blanes also reported that dialectic concern regarding history, time, and social sciences through academic discipline was another issue that concerned the Prophet.

Simao Toko carried out an exchange of correspondence, which produced the church's doctrine with a view to striking a balance between dynamic and confusion; it was a unique development. The colonial establishment attempted using Simao Toko to destabilize and divide Angolan, accusing him of offences and seeking to influence various groups against him. During this victimization, Simao Toko was imprisoned and suffered from cardio vascular disease, but he survived and the attempt proved a futile effort on the part of colonial officials. …

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