Academic journal article European Research Studies

The Quality of Education as a Primary Concern of the Sustainable Development

Academic journal article European Research Studies

The Quality of Education as a Primary Concern of the Sustainable Development

Article excerpt

1. Introduction

Nowadays the concept of the sustainable development is one of the widely discussed all over the world. For the first time it was discussed in the World Conservation Strategy (1980), developed at the initiative of UNER, International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) and World Wildlife Fund (WWF). This concept was defined more precisely through the global discussion, when Forester and Meadows started active development of this concept based on the theory of "The Limits to Growth" in 1970s, Brundtland Commission. Special attention was paid to the necessity of the sustainable development, when "satisfying the needs of the present generations does not undermine the capacity of future generations to satisfy their own needs" in the report of the World Commission on Environment and Development "Our common future" (United Nations, 1987) and in the other events realized by the international community at the end of the 20th century and in the early 2000s.

It should be emphasized that the provisions of this concept cannot be implemented only basing on the agreements of different levels, which stimulate measures of influence on populations of different countries. The implementation of this concept is impossible without changing the systems of values, ways of thinking, culture, consumption, the attitude of the individuals towards the environment. Education is the primary concern in this process and that's why improvement of education is the crucial prerequisite in the implementation of the concept of the sustainable development.

2. Literature review

At the end of the 20th century and in the early 2000s people became conscious that the human being endowed with knowledge, skills, abilities and desires to realize these abilities is the greatest value in the society, and the criterion of development of any social and economic system is the level of the individual development and needs' satisfaction.

The implementation of the concept of the sustainable development is aimed at the human being as the greatest value in the society and its creation requires appropriate social, economic, environmental, institutional conditions to support his/her living, self-realization, development, creative growth and competence.

The sustainable development of economy is essential in formation and implementation of these conditions. There are some definitions of the concept "sustainable development of economy", given in Table 1.

The definitions of the concept given in Table 1 can be divided into two groups:

The first group includes the definitions of "sustainable development" as the equilibrium state of economy, social sphere and environment that enables to ensure the high quality level of life of the present generation without detriment to the life-support capacity of the future generations.

The second group includes the definitions of "sustainable development" as the equilibrium of economy, social sphere and environment.

We have all reasons to believe that we should stick to the first group of definitions as they include not only the high level of life of the present generation, but the necessity to create the similar or even higher quality level of life for the future generations.

The sustainable development in advanced countries is crucial for the effective life activities.

The Earth Summit, the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development took place in Rio de Janeiro in 1992 where the Declaration included 27 principles of sustainable development was adopted. It defined that the main goal of sustainable development was the concern about people's welfare. The key document on the sustainable development "The Agenda for the 21th century" was adopted, that included the program of the sustainable development based on three components: environment, economy and social sphere. This document recommends that the governments of the world community should develop their national strategies aimed at the sustainable development. …

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