Academic journal article European Research Studies

Green Logistics in Russia: The Phenomenon of Progress, Economic and Environmental Security

Academic journal article European Research Studies

Green Logistics in Russia: The Phenomenon of Progress, Economic and Environmental Security

Article excerpt

1. Introduction

Following the desire to use the environment wisely and effectively, so as to ensure the stability of consumption for future generations, it is currently necessary to create all the conditions for its preservation and protection. Exploring the conceptual organization and functional richness of modern logistics systems, it is necessary to highlight their general involvement and broad scope of trade and transport arteries as well as socio-economic mechanisms in global and domestic format. Indeed, logistics is involved in virtually all the phases of the creation and distribution of demand in the markets for goods and services, forming the basis of their life cycle and economic value.

Thus, no economic doctrine is capable of such a deep insight into the production and distribution processes as logistics, and therefore environmental safety mechanisms also need to be implemented using green logistics. Timing of changes in the implementation of science-based theoretical and applied tools in green logistics must happen without delay, which is determined by both external and internal motives of the Russian economy. A significant share of the costs of production and circulation is occupied by the logistical costs of bringing the product to the final consumer. Therefore, logistics--as a science becomes particularly important in the current conditions, while focusing on import substitution of national products.

2. Theoretical, Informational, Empirical, and Methodological Grounds of the Research

Despite the fact that logistics is widespread amongst Russian business, not all companies understand the priorities of the management of logistics and the importance of development of information and communication supply chain management technology, comprehensive services, strategic development, so in the difficult period of another peak of the crisis, trade and economic constraints, sanctions and political actions that have serious economic background, the Russian market of logistics services is transforms, feeling not only innovative trends, but destabilizing effects as well (Frank et al., 2016; Epifanova et al., 2015; Ryzhkova and Prosvirkin, 2015; Dasanayaka and Sardana, 2015; Sibirskaya et al., 2015).

Annually there is 350 million tons of carbon dioxide released into the atmosphere from the vehicles used in logistics, more than 50 million tons of various hydrocarbons and 150 million tons of sulfur oxide. In the atmosphere, carbone dioxide accumulats, decreasing the oxygen levels. Emissions fall as residue on the plants and soil, are inhaled by people, and are consumed with food. Transport operating on the territory of the Russian Federation, burns approximately 110-115 million tons of fuel and 1.2-1.5 million tons of lubricant annually. Other pollutants include crankcase gases, battery acid, lubricants and coolants, as well as other operational materials [1].

The theoretical and methodological basis of logistics is the general theory of systems and control theory (cybernetics), the fundamental principles and methods of system analysis, some elements of operations research, different sections of systems engineering and systemology, which together with a variety of conceptual and applied aspects of the theoretical and practical logistics form a definite and conceptual current device, capable after certain adaptations to specific conditions, to be used effectively in various fields and areas of production and commercial activities [2]. This is why logistics mechanisms, used to ensure strategic support to the environmental component can be involved at in the organizational functional management of socio-economic systems most effectively.

A good starting point is to use it as marketing moves of local solutions or projects with "green tint"--for instance, route optimization to reduce the mileage, the use of more environmentally friendly equipment, use of solar energy for technological needs, etc. …

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