Academic journal article European Research Studies

Tendencies and Prospects of Public-Private Partnership Development in the Field of Physical Culture and Sport

Academic journal article European Research Studies

Tendencies and Prospects of Public-Private Partnership Development in the Field of Physical Culture and Sport

Article excerpt

Introduction

In terms of socio-economic and political transformation of modern Russia, important issues of strengthening of physical and spiritual health, healthy lifestyle are taking particular significance. It is recognized that the future of any country is determined by the health of society. Therefore, the active use of physical culture and sports helps to maintain and improve public health; improve the quality of life; prevent diseases and unite society. Due to their social importance, the issues of the physical culture and sports development are becoming one of the priority directions of the state policy (Akhmetshina et al., 2017; Frank et al., 2016).

However, today a low level of citizens' involvement in physical culture and sports appears as a serious problem. One of the main reasons for the situation is the weak infrastructural PhCS base. To solve this problem, and to develop successfully this sphere, there was established the state program which is named "Development of physical culture, sport, tourism and improving the efficiency of the implementation of youth policy in 2012-2020". The program will allow creating the most favorable conditions for people's health recovery in the workforce, in educational institutions, residential and recreational areas (Papanastasiou and Fourlas, 2016).

The most important tasks stated in the field of physical culture, sport, tourism and youth policy include (The program "Development of physical culture, sport, tourism and improving the efficiency of the implementation of youth policy in 2012-2020"): increasing the percentage of Russian citizens, systematically engaged in physical activity and sports from 18.5% in 2010 to 40 % by 2020; increasing the level of provision of the sports facilities for the population, based on facilities' simultaneous capacity from 24.7% in 2010 to 48% in 2020, etc. The main directions of budget expenditure of the Ministry of Sports of the Russian Federation are following: the development of mass physical culture; applied research in the field of physical culture and sports; the development of high-level sport and other issues in the field of physical culture and sports (Popova et al., 2015).

Analysis on the data of Physical Culture and Sports financing (Table 1) shows that the largest part of expenditure accounts for high-level sport. This fact argued that professional athletes need constantly improve their physical skills and abilities, as well as participate in the training camps to promote sport in Russia.

Problem statement

Maintaining both mass and professional sports activity requires significant financial investments, which, unfortunately, are not enough in the budget of the state. In conditions of mixed economy Physical Culture and Sport is funding by two groups of sources--budgetary and extra-budgetary sources. Budget financing involves the allocation of budgetary appropriations for their intended purpose in order to achieve national objectives or to cover the costs of industries, companies and organizations that are in full or partial state support.

Table 2 shows the structure and dynamics of federal budget expenditures on physical culture and sports in 2014-2017. The table shows that the budgetary allocations under the heading "Physical culture and sport", as compared to the amount approved by the Federal Law No 349-FZ, increased in 2015 by 25.6 bln. rubles, in 2016 compared to 2015 reduced by 5.5 bln. rubles, in 2017 compared to 2016, the expenditure decreased by 1.8 bln. rubles.

Increasing budgetary allocations in 2015 are related to the preparation and holding of the FINA World Cup 2015 in Kazan (extra 2 998.1 bln. rubles), as well as the implementation of preparation events for the World Winter Universiade 2019 in Krasnoyarsk (extra 683.1 bln. rubles). In addition, in the federal budget there were included the funds for the implementation of events of preparation program for the FIFA World Cup 2018 in Russia and for the maintenance of Olympic venues as the non-program part in 2015 (in total 32. …

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